The legendary Greek poet (old Greek Hómēros; new Greek Ómiros) was around 850 BC. Probably born in Smyrna (Asia Minor). He is considered one of the earliest witnesses to Greek wine culture. Homer is said to have traveled the country as a blind, traveling singer. He died on the Aegean island Chios (Khios) who as " Bordeaux of Greek wine ”. In his two famous works Ilias (Trojan War) and Odyssey (Odysseus' odyssey and homecoming), wine plays an important role as the "house drink" of his epic heroes and he repeatedly describes the "wine-colored sea". He mentions the source of the wine of the siege army before Troy Thrace (then the entire Balkan Peninsula) and the island Limnos, He praises the wine from Ismaros (probably identical to the ancient port of Maroneia) as "sweet and genuine - a gods drink". The Greek hero Ulysses there he received the intoxicating red wine from the Thracian priest-king Maron, with which he made the one-eyed Cyclops Polyphemus drunk and then blinded him.
Homer also mentions various ancient wine making techniques Greece such as sulphurize, the flavoring (Seasoning) the wine and the winemaking from dried grapes. The god Hephaistos, who lives on the island of Limnos, forged new weapons for the hero Achilles, including "the most magnificent of all shields". On it was depicted, among other things, a gold vineyard with vines on silver posts and a happy vintage. Homer describes this in the 18th song of the Iliad as follows: Furthermore, the god formed a grape-filled vineyard splendidly of gold, and the fruit hung dark on the vines. And so he stood around adorned with piles of silver. A steel trench flowed to the side, so he circled a tin fence; a path only led over it, which the porters entered at the time of the autumnal harvest. Young-loving girls carried the sweet harvest of the grapes together with happy boys in braided baskets. Another one Quote about the wine consumption: The wine renews the strength of tired men .