The legendary Greek poet (ancient Greek Hómēros, New Ugric Ómiros) was around 850 BC. Probably born in Smyrna (Asia Minor). He is considered one of the earliest witnesses of Greek wine culture. Homer is said to have traveled the country as a blind, moving singer. He died on the Aegean island Chios (Khios) who as " Bordeaux of Greek wine ". In his two famous works, the Iliad (Trojan War) and the Odyssey (Odyssey's Wanderings and Return), wine plays an important role as the "home drink" of his epic heroes, and again and again he describes the "wine-colored sea". As source for the wine of the siege army before Troy he calls Thrace (then the entire Balkan Peninsula) and the island Limnos, The wine from Ismaros (probably identical to the ancient port of Maroneia), he praises as "sweet and genuine - a Göttetrank". The Greek hero Ulysses there received from the Thracian priest king Maron the intoxicating red wine, with which he drunk the one-eyed Cyclops Polyphemus to dazzle in then.
Homer also mentions various winemaking techniques of the ancient Greece such as sulphurize, the flavoring (Seasoning) of the wine and the winemaking of dried grapes. The god Hephaistos residing on the island of Limnos forged for the hero Achilles new weapons, including "the most magnificent of all shields". On it was, among other things, a vineyard of gold with vines on silver poles and a happy vintage shown. This is what Homer describes in the eighteenth canto of the Iliad as follows: Furthermore, the god formally formed a grape-vineyard of gold, and the fruit hung dark on the vines. And so he stood adorned with piles of silver. On the side, a trench of steel flowed, so he drew a tin fence in the circle; a path only led over which the bearers entered at the time of the autumnal harvest. Young girls carried the sweet harvest of grapes together with cheerful boys in woven baskets. Another one Quote from him concerning the wine tasting: The wine renews the power of fatigued men .