The world famous Christian hospice in the city Beaune in the department or viticulture area Cote d'Or in the Burgundy is aptly called "Hôtel Dieu" (Hotel of God). It was founded by Nicolas Rolin (1376-1462), the Chancellor of the Burgundian Duke Philip the Good (1396-1467) and his wife Guigone de Salins (1403-1470) in 1443 for charitable purposes. Since then, the income from the associated vineyards and arable land has been used for the poor, as well as for the elderly and sick. The vineyards and arable land increased steadily through gifts and inheritances in the sub-areas Cote de Beaune and Cote de Nuits. After half a millennium, the estate now encompasses 62 hectares of vines, spread over around 40 Parcels distribute all Grand cru or Premier Cru - have status.
This also includes absolute top Burgundy locations such as the famous Corton mountain in the area Aloxe Corton (see also under Burgundy classification ). The wine is actually becoming unusual for Burgundy Cuvées assembles that are not necessarily from a particular one Climat (Location, vineyard). Today there are 27 red wines and 11 white wines, each of these cuvées bears the name of an important benefactor. These include personalities such as Nicolas Rolin and Guigione de Salins (the founding couple), as well as Raymond Cyrot, Madeleine Collignon, Maurice Drouhin and Paul Chanson.
The wines have been auctioned since 1859 and it is in the nature of things that the hammer prices are often higher than their actual value. After strong quality fluctuations, a new winery was built behind the Hôtel-Dieu and all wines in new ones Barrel barrels expanded. Standardized Labels were introduced in 1970. Wine production averages around 700 a year Pièces (Barrels of 228 liters), that means about 1,600 hectoliters of wine (formerly the old size was queue used). The most famous takes place annually on the third Sunday in November auction the world in the market hall opposite the Hôtel-Dieu. This is one of three events within three days called "Trois Glorieuse" (Three Glorious Days).
Traders, restaurants, organizations and private wine lovers from all over the world act as buyers. The proceeds of the auction benefit the hospital, which is equipped with the most modern equipment and whose former hospitals, the chapel and the art treasures are open to the public. The auction in 2007 was the 147th auction since the founding year 1849. A record monetary result was achieved, the 607 barrels generated a total of € 3.8 million. The famous wine brotherhood hosts the Saturday before Confrérie des Chevaliers du Tastevin in the "Clos du Vougeot “A gala dinner. On Monday there has been the traditional lunch founded by Comte Jules Lafon since the 1920s Paulée de Meursault.
Hôtel-Dieu above: By Anaid de Remerk - photographed by myself, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Nicolas Rolin: By Rogier van der Weyden , public domain, link
Hôtel-Dieu below: By Stefan Bauer, ferras - Own work, CC BY-SA 2.5 , Link