The red grape variety comes from Croatia. Synonyms are Corbina, Karbonera, Markolina, Negrara, Negrona ( Italy ); Hrvatica Crna, Jarbola ( Croatia ). The assumption that they are with the Italian Croatina (with the same name meaning) was identical, was done through 1999 DNA analysis disproved. It also turned out that the black berry jarbola is identical. On the other hand, a white-berry variety called Jarbola Bijela is not related. The early to medium-maturing, high-yielding vine is particularly susceptible to wrong people mildew, The not very dark colored berries are well suited for rosé wines. The variety is cultivated in the northwest of the Croatian peninsula Istria, but no stock was shown in 2010. In Italy it is mainly under Negrara Veneto and Apulia cultured; In 2010 116 hectares were recorded here (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Doris Schneider, Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY