The white grape variety comes from Switzerland. Synonyms are Humagne, Humagne Blanc ( Switzerland ); Miousat, Miousap and Mioussat ( France ). The variety was already in 1313 together with the Rèze mentioned in the "Directory of Anniviers" as "Vinum humanum" and "Humagny". According to legend, the wine has been invigorating for centuries sick wine estimated to be administered especially to women as a classic "child bed wine". As responsible for the positive properties was often called the supposedly high iron content. Recent analyzes have not confirmed this. Perhaps the "strengthening effect" due to added herbs and essences, which was also common in many other wines.
According to 2007 occurred DNA analysis is the cultivar grown in the French Pyrénées-Atlantiques Miousat identical. Further analyzes revealed one Parent-offspring relationship to the variety Colombaud as well as parenting for the Swiss Himbertscha. Lafnetscha and the French Dameret, To the sort Cornalin but synonymous with Humagne Rouge is not connected. The numerous relations to France confirm the theory that the vine before the 13th century of Southwest France about the Rhone Valley in the Wallis reached. The variety becomes a grape variety group in Switzerland Old plants counted.
The late-ripening vine is prone to Botrytis and real mildew, She brings a golden yellow, fragrant, rather alcohol-laden white wine Flint taste, and with low yields good storage potential. End of the 1980s, the variety was almost extinct and was revived. She was in the Switzerland grown in 2010 almost exclusively in Valais on 30 hectares and there in the glacier wine used. In southwestern France, the almost extinct Miousat species is reactivated in the Gascogne area.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)