The white grape variety comes from Switzerland. Synonyms are Humagne, Humagne Blanc ( Switzerland ); Miousat, Miousap and Mioussat ( France ). The variety was already together with the Rèze mentioned in the "Directory of Anniviers" as "Vinum humanum" and "Humagny". According to legend, the wine has been invigorating for centuries sick wine estimated, which was especially given to women who had recently given birth as a classic "child bed wine". The supposedly high iron content was often mentioned as responsible for the positive properties. However, more recent analyzes have not confirmed this. The “strengthening effect” may be due to added herbs and essences, but this was also common for many other wines.
According to 2007 DNA analysis the Miousat variety grown in the French Pyrénées-Atlantiques is identical. Further analyzes showed one Parent-offspring relationship to the variety Colombaud as well as parenthood for the Swiss Himbertscha. Lafnetscha and the French Dameret, To the variety Cornalin but there is no connection with the synonym Humagne Rouge. The numerous relations with France confirm the theory that the vine before the 13th century Southwest France about the Rhone Valley in the Wallis reached. The variety becomes a grape variety group in Switzerland Old plants counted.
The late-ripening vine is susceptible to Botrytis and real ones mildew, It produces a golden, fragrant, rather low alcohol white wine Flint taste, as well as good storage potential with low yields. At the end of the 1980s, the variety was almost extinct and was revived. It was in the Switzerland in 2010 almost exclusively grown on 30 hectares in Valais and there in glacier wine used. In southwestern France, the almost extinct variety Miousat is reactivated in the Gascony area.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)