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Process in the formation of humus; look there.

Term (Latin for soil) for the entirety of the almost exclusively dead organic substance of a soil, which accounts for the vast majority of soil organic matter (OBS or SOM = Soil Organic Matter). About 5% of the OBS but also consists of living organic substance, these are all living animal (such as, inter alia, woodlice, mites, caterpillars, earthworms, snails and spiders) and herbal (such as, inter alia seaweed, Lichens and mosses) organisms, as well microorganisms (Bacteria, fungi). One teaspoon of humus contains 100 million bacteria, 60 kilometers of fungal thread and 1,000 roundworms. The living part of the OBS is also called...

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