This oldest winegrowing area (GI) of Australia is located 150 kilometers north of Sydney in the state of New South Wales. It is divided into the two areas Lower Hunter Valley and Upper Hunter Valley , which are collectively referred to as Hunter . There are subregions Allandale, Belford, Broke Fordwich, Mount View, Pokolbin and Rothbury. The larger Lower Hunter Valley is considered a "true" Hunter Valley. Here already around 1820 by William Kelman (1800-1863) and George Wyndham (1801-1870) vines were planted for the first time. The "father of Australian viticulture" James Busby (1802-1871) founded here in 1825 the farm Kirkton. Only 130 years later, the Upper Hunter Valley was developed for viticulture. The vineyards cover about 4,000 hectares of vineyards. They are with the white wine varieties Chardonnay. Sémillon. Riesling. Sauvignon Blanc and Verdelho, as well as with the red wines Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot. Pinot Noir and Shiraz ( Syrah ) planted.
The hot climate with high humidity, as well as rainfall often at the wrong time as the vintage is not suitable due to the soil actually not optimal for viticulture. Despite these adverse circumstances, the area has become famous for its aging semen from Sémillon, formerly known as "Hunter Riesling". Likewise excellent white wines from Chardonnay and red wines from Shiraz are pressed. Well-known producers are Allandale, Arrowfield Wines, Brokenwood, Château Pato, Evans family, Hungerford Hill Vineyards, Lake's Folly, Lindeman's. McWilliams (Mount Pleasant), Margan Family, Peterson's, Reynolds Yarraman Estate, Rosemount Estate. Rothbury Estate, Tulloch, Tyrrell's Wines and Wyndham Estate.