The "National Institute of the Origins and the Quality" is a public institution in France based in Paris, which is under the Ministry of Agriculture (the acronym is also interpreted as "National Institute of the Appellations d'Origine des Vins and Eaux-de-Vie"). It is responsible for the supervision of food produced in the motherland. For this purpose, standards have been developed that guarantee the consumer the origin and quality by appropriate labeling. In this quality assurance will be Wine. brandy ( Armagnac and cognac ) and various foods (cheese, meat, vegetables, etc.) included. This concerns the following markings:
The wine authority is responsible for the management, regulation, processing of applications, granting, control and protection of the two highest French quality grades IGP ( country wine ) and AOP or AOC ( quality wine ) (see also in detail under quality system ). In addition, the INAO has also taken on the official tasks of European wine policy within the European Union.
In 1935, through the initiatives of Agriculture Professor Joseph Capus (1867-1947) and the owner of the winery Baron Pierre Le Roy de Boiseaumarié (1890-1967) as a permanent expert committee founded the "Comité National des Appellations d'Origine". This was the predecessor of the INAO, which in its present form, however, emerged only after the Second World War (1939-1945). The two had previously been instrumental in the emergence of the appellation system in the late 1920s. Boiseaumarié served as INAO President for two decades from 1947 to 1967.
In 1990, an extension of responsibility was added in connection with the protection against domestic and foreign imitations. The INAO defined as a possible target the indication of grape varieties on the label in principle to prohibit the Terroir-thoughts to give even more expression and to give the French wine compared to the foreign competition an even greater distinctiveness. Incidentally, all appeals decrees (provisions) of the INAO with the entire history in detail on the website . From the INAO was also a special Degustationsglas developed. See also under the authorities INRA and OIV,