The "Institut National de l'Origine et de la qualité" is a state institution in France based in Paris, which reports to the Ministry of Agriculture (the acronym is also interpreted as "Institut National des Appellations d'Origine des Vins et Eaux-de-Vie"). It is responsible for the supervision of food produced in the mother country. To this end, standards have been developed that guarantee the origin and quality to the consumer through appropriate labeling. Be in this quality assurance Wine. brandy ( Armagnac and cognac ) and various foods (cheese, meat, vegetables etc.) are included. This affects the following labels:
The wine authority is responsible for the administration, regulation, processing of applications, awarding, control and protection of the two highest French quality levels IGP ( country wine ) and AOP or AOC ( quality wine ) responsible (see also in detail under quality system ). In addition, the INAO has also assumed sovereign tasks in European wine policy within the European Union.
In 1935, through the initiatives of the agricultural professor Joseph Capus (1867-1947) and the winery owner Baron Pierre Le Roy de Boiseaumarié (1890-1967) founded the "Comité National des Appellations d'Origine" as a permanent panel of experts. This was the forerunner of INAO, but in its current form it did not emerge until after the Second World War (1939-1945). The two had previously played a major role in the development of the appeals system in the late 1920s. Boiseaumarié served as INAO President for two decades from 1947 to 1967.
In 1990 there was an expansion of responsibility in connection with the protection against domestic and foreign imitations. The INAO defined as a possible goal, the indication of grape varieties on the label to prohibit in principle in order to Terroir-thoughts to give even more expression and to give French wine an even greater unmistakability compared to foreign competition. Incidentally, all INAO appeals decrees (provisions) with their entire history can be viewed in detail on the website . INAO has also created a special one Degustationsglas developed. See also among the authorities INRA and OIV,