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India

India (GB)
India (ES)
Índia (PO)
Inde (F)
India (I)
India (N)
In the second millennium BC The Aryans immigrated over the Hindu Kush to northwest India. In the period referred to as Veda culture, according to their language, until 800 BC. The Vedas, the holy scriptures of Hinduism, came into existence in the 3rd century BC. In these two alcoholic drinks are mentioned. One victim was the "Soma", a milky beverage made from toadstool, datura or rhubarb and with a drug-like effect. The second was "Sura", fermented from barley or rice. The highest Vedic god was the drink-resistant and warlike Indra. However, the fifth of the Ten Commandments of Buddhism prohibits the consumption of alcohol. Buddha (563-483 BC), however, was more lenient with alcohol and described him merely as a "consumer of wealth." The minister of the Maurja king Chandragupta (around 300 BC) named Kautilya wrote the famous "Arthasastra", quite similar to the writings of Machiavelli. In it he mentions a wine made from grapes called "Madhu".

For centuries wine was drunk only by privileged people like warriors and nobles. The common people brewed alcoholic drinks from barley, rice and millet. By the colonization in the 16th century by the Portuguese and the English in the 19th century, there were regionally limited viticulture, but the entire vineyards fell to the year 1890 the phylloxera to the victim. Subsequently, French missionaries laid vineyards at Madras. From the year 1950, there was a time-limited in individual states prohibition In Haryana, as the last state, such was only repealed in 1998. In the state of Karnataka, wine has no longer been considered an alcoholic beverage since 2008 and could no longer be sold only in licensed liquor stores, but also in supermarkets and other stores. This wine was equated with soft drinks. The rule does not apply to fortified wines.

The climate is high from hot summers humidity and the heavy Indian monsoon in summer and winter. The vineyards are located mainly in the south of central India in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The rest is located in the northwest in the state of Punjab. In 2012, the vineyard covered 120,000 hectares. That was a triple increase over 2000. Of these, however, only 146,000 hectoliters of wine are produced (see also under Wine production volumes ). The most important types of milk are the red ones Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot. Pinot Blanc. Pinot Noir. Shiraz and Zinfandel, as well as the white ones Chardonnay. Chenin Blanc. Sauvignon Blanc and Viognier,

For the most part the areas for the production of raisins. table grapes and grape juice used. The main varieties are Anab-e-Shahi, Bangalore Blue ( Isabella ), Bangalore Purple, Gulabi ( Muscat d'Hamburg ) Perlette, Thompson Seedless ( Sultana ) and some Arka-new breeds, Founded in 1966 in Malkajgiri, Andhra Pradesh, Andhra Winery & Distillery was the first modern winegrowing business to be considered the beginning of modern viticulture. In the early 1980s, east of Bombay in Náráyangoan (Maharashtra) with European support is the Château Indage which produces around 70% of the Indian wine quantity. Near the city of Bangalore in 1988 in the Dodballapur mountains (Karnataka) the winery Grover Vineyards and in 1997 the winery Sula founded northeast of Bombay. The Indian viticulture takes a rapid development with annually up to 30% increase.

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