Special form of the pest Management in agriculture or in the viniculture with the integration or integration of various measures (principles and general information are in the keyword Organic viticulture whose study is also recommended as an introduction to the complex topic). By well-coordinated combination of economical, ecologically and toxicologically appropriate procedures are to protect resources while preserving the biodiversity (Biodiversity) are produced in an economically justifiable way high quality products. The overall goal is to intervene as little as possible and as gently as possible in the ecological balance.
There are also the terms IP (Integrated Production / Crop Protection ) and / or KIP (Controlled Integrated Production) and colloquially also the definitionally inaccurate terms natural or environmentally friendly viticulture. Internationally, the term IPM (Integrated Pest Management) is common. Integrated viticulture is a method for the economic production of high-quality grapes, wine and other grape products. Overall consideration of the "Weingarten Ecosystem" included all measures in Integrated Pest Management (Integrated Production).
The use of chemical but beneficial to plant pesticides should be targeted and should be replaced if possible by biological, biotechnical and mechanical measures or supplement. The use under consideration of the damage threshold takes place only if all other procedures did not lead to the success. In doing so, the principles of Biological crop protection considered as far as possible. The formerly usual Conventional crop protection With the aim of a total destruction of the pests with partially large-scale environmental impact has thus served.
With special consideration of plant breeding, biological, biotechnical as well as cultivation and cultural measures, the application of chemical pesticides (the insecticides respectively. pesticides ) is limited to the absolutely necessary level. This is to achieve a restriction of the population of harmful insects, as well as the spread of weeds and Vine diseases be prevented. The permitted plant protection products are each determined specifically by the countries or organic associations.
The plant protection begins however already with the selection of for the grapevine most suitable location. Furthermore, this includes the proper tillage, the choice of the appropriate plant date, the use of healthy seed or seedlings or against harmful organisms resistant Grape variety (for example PIWI = fungi-resistant), as well as a balanced organic or mineral fertilization,
Integrated pest management in even stricter form with regard to the permissible pesticides is part of the Organic viticulture, Further restrictions on fertilization, even more restrictive handling with complete elimination of chemical agents lead to even more extensive practices. That's with the two special forms biodynamic and Bioenergetic viticulture to varying degrees the case.