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Iran

Iran (GB)
Iran (N)
Irán (ES)
Iran (F)
Iran (I)
Irão (PO)

Much of Persia belonged to the antiquity to Mesopotamia, where among other things the origin of the cultivated grapevine and viticulture is suspected. There is a beautiful legend about the "invention of wine" in the time of the legendary Persian king Jamshid who lived around 2,500 years BC. BC lived. According to the Greek historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) and later confirmed by Strabo was the under the Achaimeniden dynasty (559-331 BC) intoxication consciously used to judge important questions. The decisions made had to be confirmed in a sober state. This was also true vice versa, because decisions made in a sober state were reaffirmed while drunk. At that time there were rations for the population, depending on the occasion. For example, women who had given birth to a son received ten, but only five liters of wine to a daughter. Even the royal horses and camels were given beer and wine. The working population received fixed monthly rations of wine, men 20 to 30 and women 10 liters.

Despite the Muslim takeover in 641 and the related alcohol ban wine continued to be produced. The city of Shiraz near the old capital Persopolis was a wine center and had a reputation for the finest wines in the Middle East. It is mistakenly the origin of the grape variety Syrah called. In the works of the poet Omar Khayyam (11th century) Wine plays an important role and the famous poet Hafiz (1324-1388) made a declaration of love for wine in his verse. In the 17th century, wine was already bottled and exported to India. From the 17th to the 19th centuries, the wine from Shiraz was repeatedly praised by English and French travelers, for example with "No part of the world has better wine than Shiraz" . The most frequently described was a sweet (for longer storage) or dry (for immediate enjoyment) aged white wine. According to a documentary by an English traveler, the maceration generated and a kind filtration made by canvas bags. He writes that "it takes five years for the wine to develop a fine aroma and bouquet with a nutty flavor" .

After the exile of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1919-1980) and the seizure of power by the Ayatollah regime in 1979, viniculture in Iran quickly came to a complete standstill. In 2012 the area under vines was 226,000 hectares (see under Wine production volumes ). Not even one percent of this is used for wine production and almost exclusively table grapes and raisins produced. Wine as the basis for alcohol is mainly used for medical (medication) and industrial purposes.

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