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The small appellation in the southeast corner of the wine-growing region Southwest France was classified in 1970. It is located on the Spanish border in France Basque country, exactly opposite the spanish area Chacolí de Guetaria, The two were in the time of the kingdom founded at the beginning of the 10th century Navarra (which spanned an area from Barcelona to Bordeaux) a thriving wine growing area. The terraced vineyards at up to 400 meters above sea level cover around 215 hectares of vineyards on the southern slopes of the Pyrenees in 15 municipalities, including the eponymous Irouléguy. The climate is influenced by the nearby Atlantic.

The mainly produced rosé wine and the Madiran Similar red wines are made from the varieties Tannat, Achéria ( Cabernet Franc ) and Cabernet Sauvignon blended. The varieties are for the white wine produced in small quantities Courbu Blanc (Hondarribi Zuri), Petit Courbu (Xuri Zerratu) and Gros Manseng authorized. Well-known producers are Domaine Abotia, Domaine Ameztia, Domaine Arretxea, Domaine Brana, Domaine Etxegaraya and Domaine Ilarria, as well as the cooperatives CV d'Irouléguy and Les Vignerons du Pays-Basque.

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