The red grape variety comes from the United States, Around 80 Synonyms attest to the worldwide spread of the vine. The most important are Albany, Albany Surprise, Alexander, Americano, Amerikanska Loza, Ananas, Ananaszoeloe, Arkansastraub, Bangalore Blue, Bellina, Black Cape, Blaue Isabella, Blaue Isabelle, Bromostaphylo, Captraube, Capwein, Catalan Negro, Champania, Christie's Improved Isabella, Constantia, Constanziatree, Dorchester, Edes, Eperzamatu, Fragola, Fragola Crna, Framboisier, Fraula, Fraulaghju, Frutilla, Gibb's Grape, Gros Framboisé, Gürcü Üzümü, Isabel, Isabella Blaue, Isabella Nera, Isabelle, Isabelle d'Amerique, Isabellainha , Kepshuna, Kerkyraiso, Kokulu Üzüm, Koreos, Lidia, Loipe Makedonia, Moschostaphylo, New Hanover, Nostrano, Odessa, Ontessa, Paign's Isabella, Paine's Early Sanborton, Payne's Early, Paynes Isabella, Raisin du Cap, Raisin Fraise, Sainte Framboise Helene, Saluda, Sampanija, Sauborton, Schuykill, Strawberry Grape, Tjortjidica, Tzampela, Tzortzidika Chakidike, Tzortzines, Utkopro, Uva Cimice, Uva Fragola, Uva Fraula, Vernet, Woodward and Z Ampela.
There have been various speculations regarding the origin of the vine, but none of them DNA analysis based. According to the prevailing opinion, it is one seedling one wild grape of the species Vitis labrusca, The German ampelographer Rudolf also took this Goethe (1843-1911). However, this was questioned by the US botanist Thomas V. Munson (1843-1913) in 1909 from a crossing of Vitis labrusca with an unknown European Vitis vinifera ran out of. The vine was allegedly found in a garden near the (no longer existing) city of Dorchester in South Carolina, According to another hypothesis by Bernard Laspeyre, it is said to have reached Charleston-South Carolina from Spain.
The amateur breeder George Gibbs from Brooklyn / New York (who a few years later imported many grape varieties from Austria or the then Habsburg monarchy, including that Zinfandel ) passed it around 1816 to William Robert Prince from Long Island / New York, the owner of the tree nursery "Linnean Botanic Garden". The latter selected the vine and named it “Vitis isabellae” in 1822 in honor of Gibbs wife Mrs. Isabella Gibbs. Already at the beginning of the 1820s, the Baumann brothers in Bollweiler ( Alsace ) imported to Europe. Of the Isabella variety openly bloomed Are seedlings Carter. Lydia and York-Madeira, The vine was also a cross partner in the three new varieties Centennial. Ferdinand de Lesseps and Hartford,
The late ripening, very productive vine is excellent for tropical and subtropical conditions in hot, humid areas such as Brazil suitable. It has a high resistance to both mildews and the phylloxera, A characteristic is that the berries of a grape do not ripen at the same time. It produces light red wines with distinctive Foxton, That is why it is mainly used as table grape, For grape juice, but also for Rose- and sparkling wines used. During the phylloxera disaster in Europe from the 1870s it became very important and was grown on a large scale in many countries as well as in Austria.
In New Zealand it was also used extensively in the fight against the pest from the end of the 19th century and was still the most common grape variety there in 1960. Today it is of no importance there. In the United States, she was next to the Catawba the dominant variety in the first half of the 19th century. It was then from the Concord displaced and occupied in 2010 new York only a few hectares. In Brazil it is enormously popular under the name Isabel and with 18,279 hectares designated in 2010 it is the most common grape variety. It is used here for the production of grape juice and jam, but also sweet wine. Bangalore Blue also has a larger stock of 4,500 hectares in India - mostly for grape juice.
Holdings exist in Moldova (11,401 ha), Russia (162 ha) and Ukraine (2,396 ha). From the 1950s onwards, the EU was mainly concerned with France most of the stocks for quality reasons or the hybrid ban for quality wines against compensation cleared, In Austria it became a local specialty until the 1990s Uhudler used. There are stocks in overseas Indonesia, where it is used in Bali for sparkling wines, as well as under Frutilla in Uruguay (256 ha). In 2010, a total of 32,494 hectares of vineyards were shown with an increasing tendency. It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking at rank 31.
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)