The red grape variety comes from the United States, Around 80 Synonyms testify to the worldwide distribution of the vine. The most important are Albany, Albany Surprise, Alexander, Americano, Amerikanska Loza, Pineapple, Pineapple Zoeloe, Arkansas, Bangalore Blue, Bellina, Black Cape, Blue Isabella, Blue Isabelle, Bromostaphy, Captraube, Cap, Champania, Christie's Improved Isabella, Constantia, Constanzia , Dorchester, Edes, Eperzamatu, Fragola, Fragola Crna, Framboisier, Fraula, Fraulaghju, Frutilla, Gibb's Grape, Gros Framboisé, Gürcü Üzümü, Isabel, Isabella Blue, Isabella Nera, Isabelle, Isabelle d'Amerique, Isabellinha, Izabella, Kepshuna, Kerkyraiso, Kokulu Üzüm, Koreos, Lidia, Makedonia trail, Moschostaphylo, New Hanover, Nostrano, Odessa, Ontessa, Paign's Isabella, Paine's Early Sanborton, Payne's Early, Paynes Isabella, Raisin du Cap, Raisin Fraise, Raisin Framboise, Sainte Helene, Saluda , Sampanija, Sauborton, Schuykill, Strawberry Grape, Tjortjidica, Tzampela, Tzortzidika Chakidike, Tzortzines, Utkopro, Uva Cimice, Uva Fragola, Uva Fraula, Vernet, Woodward and Zampela.
Regarding the descent of the vine, there were various speculations, but all not on DNA analysis based. The prevailing opinion is one seedling one wild grape the species Vitis labrusca, This also took the German Ampelograph Rudolf Goethe (1843-1911). However, this was doubted by the US botanist Thomas V. Munson (1843-1913), founded in 1909 by a crossroads Vitis labrusca with an unknown European Vitis vinifera ran out of. The vine was allegedly found in a garden near the (now defunct) town of Dorchester in South Carolina, According to another hypothesis of a Bernard Laspeyre she is said to have arrived from Spain to Charleston-South Carolina.
The amateur bastard George Gibbs from Brooklyn / New York (who introduced a few years later from Austria or the then Habsburg Monarchy many grape varieties, including the Zinfandel ) gave it around 1816 to William Robert Prince from Long Island / New York, the owner of the nursery "Linnean Botanic Garden" on. This selected the vine and named it in 1822 in honor of Gibbs wife Mrs. Isabella Gibbs as "Vitis isabellae". Already at the beginning of the 1820s, it was founded by the Baumann brothers in Bollweiler ( Alsace ) imported to Europe. Of the variety Isabella openly dimmed Are seedlings Carter. Lydia and York-Madeira, The vine was also crossing partner in the three new breeds Centennial. Ferdinand de Lesseps and Hartford,
The late-ripening, very productive vine is excellent for tropical and subtropical conditions in humid areas such as Brazil suitable. It has a high resistance to both mildews and the phylloxera, A characteristic is that the berries of a grape do not become ripe at the same time. It produces bright red wines with pronounced Foxton, Therefore, it is mainly as table grape, used for grape juice, but also for rosé and sparkling wines. During the phylloxera catastrophe in Europe from the 1870s, it became very important and was widely grown in many countries as well as in Austria.
In New Zealand It was also widely used in the fight against the pest from the late 19th century and was there in 1960, the most common grape variety. Today it is without meaning there. In the US, she was next to the Catawba in the first half of the 19th century the dominant variety. She was then of the Concord displaced and occupied 2010 in new York only a few hectares. In Brazil it is immensely popular under the name Isabel and the most common grape variety with 18,279 hectares declared in 2010. It is used here for the production of grape juice and jam, but also sweet wine. A larger stock is under Bangalore Blue with 4,500 hectares also in India - mostly for grape juice.
There are stocks in Moldova (11,401 ha), Russia (162 ha) and Ukraine (2,396 ha). Within the EU, starting in the 1950s, especially in France the stocks for quality reasons or the hybrid ban for quality wines against compensation largely cleared, In Austria she became the local specialty until the 1990s Uhudler used. Overseas there are stocks in Indonesia where it is used in Bali for sparkling wines, and under Frutilla in Uruguay (256 ha). In 2010, a total of 32,494 hectares of vineyards were reported with increasing tendency. It is thus worldwide varieties ranking on rank 31.
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)