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The land of Canaan, the origin of modern-day Israel, is one of the oldest wine-growing regions. The "Promised Land" was under Abraham about 2000 to 1900 and under Moses about 1300 to 1200 BC. BC settled by the Israelites. But the two events were not exactly the same area because the boundaries were fluid and constantly changing. Canaan stretched from Sidon (now Sayda in Lebanon) to Gaza and encompassed the coastal strip along with the hinterland on the east coast of the Mediterranean with today's Israel and parts of Lebanon. Jordan and Syria, The current name of Palestine (not to be confused with the much smaller Palestinian autonomous area in the West Bank) was created only in the 2nd century AD under Roman rule. At the time of Moses lay north to northeast Phenicia (Syria, Lebanon), the Hittite Kingdom (Armenia) and Assyria (Iraq), as well as in the south Egypt (Upper Reich). In these countries viticulture occupied an important position and the landscape Mesopotamia is considered one of the cradles of wine culture.

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