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The red grape variety comes from the USA, Synonyms are Black Ives, Bordo (Brazil), Ives, Ives Madeira, Ives Seedling, Ives Madeira Seedling and Kittredge (Australia). The exact origin was puzzled for a long time. The most common hypothesis assumes that it is openly dimmed Seedling of the variety Hartford (Vitis labrusca), which was founded in 1840 by a Henry Ives near Cincinnati in the state Ohio has been discovered. A second originates from a locality in West Hartford, the capital of Connecticut,

About the genetic descent, there are also several assumptions. The first one starts from a spontaneous intersection Isabella x Labrusca, the second from a crossroads of Wild vines of the species Labrusca x Aestivalis. Ives himself claimed that the variety came from a seed of a European vinifera called Madeira. So they are genes of Vitis labrusca and maybe from Vitis aestivalis and Vitis vinifera contain. There may be in Brazil grown Bordo a relationship.

The medium-maturing vine is resistant to fungal diseases and is therefore ideal for hot and humid areas. However, she is very sensitive to it water stress and air pollution. It produces dark-colored, extremely strong colored red wines (in America "Tooth-stainers" = Zahnfärber called) with pronounced Foxton, After prohibition (1920-1933) she was often used in sweet port wine-like wines, but also for the production of grape juice used. Today, the variety is in small quantities in the US states Arkansas. new York and Pennsylvania grown. In 2010, a total of 16 hectares of vineyards were designated.

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