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According to Persian mythology, this was the fourth human king (also Dscham, Dschamschid, Gamsid or Cem), who succeeded his father Tahmorath on the throne. Under its 300-year reign, the empire experienced its first great bloom. He lived around 2,500 BC and is associated with the biblical sate of Noah He also allegedly saved animals from destruction by building a large room for them. The famous Persian poet Omar Khayyam (11th century) saw in him the epitome of a heroic antiquity and composed the following verse: It is said that Leu and lizard lie peacefully, where Dschemschid sits enthroned and drinks in deep breaths.

The ruler brought man many achievements and in his time, the wine was "invented". At the king's court, grapes were stored in pitchers, which one day began to ferment and foam. The peculiar smell scared the servants and they thought it was poison. One of the harem ladies had terrible a headache and wanted to take his life with the supposed poison. But instead of dying, she felt well after drinking the drink and sank into a refreshing sleep. Afterwards, she talked about this wonderful experience and the king and his court also tasted the delicious drink. Since then, wine has been produced at the Persian court. See also below Iran and wine gods,

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