Name for a wine, which is dedicated in the church on December 27, the name day of the apostle John. According to the tradition, the apostle John is the same as the evangelist John, but according to the research, the apostles and favorite disciples of Jesus, the evangelist and the author of the apocalypse, are generally distinguished into three different persons. Therefore, this fourth Christmas holiday, which was originally celebrated until the 17th century, will also be honored in contrast to the summer of June 24th John the Baptist
celebrated "Johannistages", called "Winterhannes" or "Winterjohanni". The faithful bring with them some bottles of wine to be blessed. After Mass, the priest hands the faithful the blessed wine with the words, "Drink the love of St. John
That is why he is also called "John Minne". The custom of the Johanneswein blessing goes back to a legend. John argued with the inhabitants of Ephesus what the right faith was. He let the pagan high priest give him a goblet of poisoned wine, made the sign of the cross over the deadly potion, and emptied the cup unscathed. Therefore, the chalice with a serpent is one of the attributes of John.
According to ancient popular belief, the blessed Johanneswein has therefore very special powers. It strengthens the limbs, prevents gout and promotes the growth of children. At a wedding, he was served the newlywed couple for a happy marriage, given sick for recovery and drunk as a farewell drink for travelers. Therefore, this farewell drink is also called "Johannessegen". Likewise, he was given to defendants to obtain a confession, as well as dying and sentenced to death as a last drink. A popular custom in the tavern was to "drink beauty and strength" with it. Since this sometimes degenerated excessively, many mocking verses were written by the vernacular. One of them: "First goes the Stefani (the 26th of December), the watery man, then comes the Johanni, and douses (drinks)".
See also below Customs
and wine Saints