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jug

jug (GB)
broc, pichet (F)
boccale (I)

Term for a bulbous or cylindrical vessel that is used for the transport, storage and storage as well as the removal of liquids. Smaller formats also serve as drinking vessels. Also the amphorae belong to the group of jug-like vessels. The preferred materials for the production of jugs were and still are stoneware or glass, but silver, tin, porcelain, earthenware and others are also used. Mostly a jug is provided with a vertical handle on the side and sometimes with a beak-shaped spout (snout) and a lid. In Greek mythology, the "Pandora's Box" was one pithos (Earthenware). The vessels in which the intestines were separately buried during mummification in ancient Egypt are called cannon jugs. In the ancient city of Kanopus (Egypt) there was a temple in which the god of the afterlife Osiris was worshiped in the form of a pitcher with a human head that contained Nile water.

Pitcher - Islamic pitcher 8/9 century, pitcher from Florence 15th century and Bartmann's pitcher 17th century

The jug was also often used as a symbol, so it is considered a symbol for alcoholism, in the literary work "Der zerbrochne Krug" by Heinrich Kleist as a metaphor for the lost innocence and as a reminder in the saying "The pitcher goes to the well until it breaks". Under Krug law was understood the right to commercial guests in a restaurant, which was granted in the Middle Ages and was often linked to the right to brew.

Jug - stoneware jug, Art Nouveau jug and gold jug

Jugs are used in many countries with country-specific names, such as Brocca (Italy), Cruche (France), Jug (England) or Krushka (Russia). The delimitation to a jug is the tubular spout for the pouring spout (as is the case with a watering can). In today's parlance, a jug is mostly a drinking vessel especially for beer with a volume of usually 0.5 or 1 liter. In Austria, a "Krügerl" is both the name for the drinking vessel and for the volume. The same applies in Germany to the “half”; here there are also the terms "tankard" or beer bembel, Jug-like vessels also like to be decanting used by wine. See also under capacity measures and wine vessels,

Krug - Humpen (Bierbembel) - Germany / Krügerl - Austria

Islamic Jug: By Marie-Lan Nguyen , Public Domain, Link
Krug Florenz: Von I, Sailko , CC BY 2.5 , Link
Bartmannskrug: Von Goldi64 - Meyers Konv. Lexikon, Link
Stoneware jug: By Goldi64 - Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 3.0 , link
Art Nouveau jug: From Wikipedia on Flickr, CC BY-SA 2.5 , Link
Gold jug: by Wilson Blanco from Pixabay
Tankard : By PublicDomainPictures from Pixabay
Krügerl: Norbert FJ Tischelmayer

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