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jug (GB)
broc, pichet (F)
boccale (I)

Designation for a bulbous or cylindrical vessel used for the transport, storage and storage as well as the removal of liquids. Smaller formats also serve as drinking vessels. Also the amphorae belong to the group of pitcher-like vessels. The preferred materials for the production of pitchers were and are mainly stoneware or glass, but it is also used silver, tin, porcelain, earthenware and others. In most cases, a jug is laterally provided with a hexagonal handle and sometimes with a beak-shaped spout (spout) and also a lid. In Greek mythology, the "Pandora's Box" was one pithos (Earthenware). Canopic jugs are the vessels in which the intestines were buried separately in ancient Egypt during mummification. In the ancient village of Kanopus (Egypt) there was a temple where the god of the afterlife Osiris was worshiped in the form of a human-headed pitcher containing Nile water.

Krug - Islamic jug 8/9 century, jug from Florence 15th century and Bartmann jug 17th century

The pitcher was also often used as a symbol, so he is considered a symbol of alcoholism, in the literary work "The Broken Jug" by Heinrich Kleist as a metaphor for the lost innocence and as a reminder in the saying "The jug goes to the fountain until it breaks". Under Krug law One understood the right granted in the Middle Ages for the commercial entertainment of guests in a restaurant, which was often coupled with the brewing right.

Jug - stoneware jug, Art Nouveau jug and gold pitcher

Jugs are used in many countries with country-specific names, such as Brocca (Italy), Cruche (France), Jug (England) or Krushka (Russia). The delimitation of a jug is the usual tubular spout for the spout (as in a watering can). In today's parlance is usually under a jug a drinking vessel especially for beer with a volume of mostly 0.5 or 1 liter. In Austria, a "Krügerl" is both the name for the drinking vessel and for the volumes. The same applies in Germany for the "half"; There are also the terms "tankard" or beer here bembel, Jug-like vessels are also welcome decanting used by wine. See also below capacity measures and wine vessels,

Jug - tankard (Bierbembel) - Germany / Krügerl - Austria

Islamic Jug: By Marie-Lan Nguyen , Public Domain, Link
Jug Florence: By I, Sailko , CC BY 2.5 , link
Bartmann's Jug : From Goldi64 - Meyer's Conv. Lexicon, Link
Steinzeug Krug: From Goldi64 - Wikimedia, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Art Nouveau jug: From Wikipedia on Flickr, CC BY-SA 2.5 , link
Gold pitcher: By Wilson Blanco on Pixabay
Tankards : From PublicDomainPictures on Pixabay
Krügerl: Norbert FJ Tischelmayer

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