The Franciscan monk Fra Junipero Serra (1713-1784) was born in Petra on Mallorca as Miguel Serra y Abram and joined the Order as a 16-year-old. His spiritual name Junipero means "juniper shrub". He studied and preached in Palma de Mallorca. In 1747 he began a missionary journey with a group of friars, which followed Mexico and later in today California led.
As early as 1540 Franciscan patrons became the Spanish variety Listán Prieto introduced in Mexico and called there Misión. Serra took from there cuttings In 1769 she started the first vineyard in California - here she was called Mission or Mission's Grape (according to more recent sources, this happened only ten years later). The monk can thus be the first Californian winegrower pioneer long before the Hungarian nobleman Agoston Haraszthy (1812-1869).
The Pater founded in the episode around two dozen missions and monasteries in the modern state of California. Many of these later evolved into such well-known cities as Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco and Santa Barbara, The name derives from Junipero altars in the church of the Convent of Saint Bernardin in Palma de Mallorca. He was beatified in 1988. His bust stands in the Capitol in the capital Washington DC among other famous historical figures of the world USA, See also below church,