The Franciscan monk Fra Junipero Serra (1713-1784) was born in Petra on Mallorca as Miguel Serra y Abram and joined the order at the age of 16. Its spiritual name Junipero means "juniper bush". He studied and preached in Palma de Mallorca. In 1747 he embarked on a missionary trip with a group of friars Mexico and later in today's California led.
Already around 1540 Franciscan patrons became the Spanish variety Listán Prieto introduced in Mexico and called Misión there. Serra took off from there cuttings and created the first vineyard in California in 1769 - here it was now called Mission or Mission's Grape (according to more recent sources, this only took place ten years later). This made the monk the first Californian wine-growing pioneer long before the Hungarian nobleman Agoston Haraszthy (1812-1869).
The priest subsequently founded around two dozen missions and monasteries in what is now the state of California. Many of them later developed into well-known cities such as Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco and Santa Barbara, Junipero derived the names from altars in the church of the Saint Bernardin convent in Palma de Mallorca. He was beatified in 1988. His bust is in the Capitol in the capital, Washington DC, among other famous historical figures from the United States United States, See also under church,