The appellation lies in the forerunners of the Pyrenees in the southwest of the region Southwest France, It is partly congruent with the appellation Béarn, There was probably viticulture here around 2,000 years ago, as suggested by Roman mosaics from this period. Already in the 14th century a decision by the parliament of Navarra the vineyards of this area are defined as special vineyards (crus). At that time, among other things, it was also prohibited to import foreign wines. This can be understood as one of the first attempts at classification or a protected designation of origin. Incidentally, Jurançon was one of the first French areas to be classified as AOC in the late 1930s. The king of Navarre is said to be Anton of Bourbon (1518-1562), at the baptism of his son and later king and great wine lover Henry IV (1553-1610) whose lips were wetted with it.
The fact is that the wine from Jurancon established itself as the standard wine for ceremonial ceremonies of the French ruling family. At that time it was produced in red and white. The phylloxera Most of the vineyards were destroyed at the end of the 19th century, but the old grape varieties were then replanted. The Jurançon was exported on a large scale to Holland and to America. The well-known French writer Sidonie-Gabriele Colette (1873-1954), author of "Chéri" and "Gigi", wrote about him: "As a young girl, I met a prince - fiery, bossy and insidious like all the great seducers: Jurançon " . This naturally contributed to the fame of the wine.
The vineyards cover around 1,000 hectares on south-facing slopes at 300 to 600 meters above sea level with a relatively cool climate. The vines reach heights of up to two meters training system Espalier brought up what protects against frost. The long, sunny autumns allow a very late harvest right into December. The traditional Jurançon version, similar to the sweet Sauternes wines, is a concentrated, sweet white wine made from overripe or dried grapes (see also under Passerillé ). The small-berry and thick-skinned grape variety is particularly good for this Petit Manseng suitable, which yields extremely low yields (often only 15 hl / ha, 40 hl / ha are permitted). Only under these conditions can a high-quality sweet Jurançon be created. In small proportions too Courbu Blanc. Camaralet de Lasseube. Gros Manseng. Lauzet and Petit Courbu contain.
The heavy wine also has a nice, balanced acidity and is very durable. Jurançon sec was classified as a separate application in 1975. This is a dry version of the Gros Manseng and Courbu Blanc varieties. This wine can also be produced in bad weather conditions and accounts for about three quarters of the production. Both wines have a characteristic, greenish shimmer that deepens with aging. Well-known producers are Domaine du Bellegarde, Clos Bellevue, Domaine Bordenave, Domaine de Cabarrouy, Domaine de Capdevielle, Domaine Castéra, Domaine Cauhapé, Domaine Gaillot, Clos Guirouilh, Château Jolys, Cru Lamouroux, Clos Lapeyre, Domaine Larredya, Domaine Nroulat and ,