The red variety comes from France. Synonyms alabetically grouped by country Cannut de Lauzun, Chalosse Noire, Lady Noire, Dégoûtant, Enrageat Noir, Folle Noire, Folle Rouge, Gamay Goutot, Giranson, Gouni, Jurançon Rouge, Luxuriant, Piquepout Rouge, Plant Quillat, Quillard, Quillard Rouge Quillat ( France ); Fola Belcha Spain ); Vidiella ( Uruguay ). It may despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Calitor Noir or Fuella Nera be confused. According to done in 2009 DNA analysis it is a presumably natural cross between Folle Blanche x Cot (Malbec). She was crossing partner in the three new breeds Chenanson. Ganson and Segalin, The variety was first mentioned in 1839 in the southwestern department of Lot-et-Garonne.
The medium maturing, high yielding variety is prone to Botrytis, It produces light colored red wines with moderate alcohol and violet flavor, which are more suitable for rosé wines. The vine was earlier in Southwest France widespread and occupied the end of the 1950s over 12,000 hectares of vineyards. However, the stock has shrunk to 663 hectares with continued falling trend. These are in the appellations Vins d'Entraygues et du Fel and Vins d'Estaing admitted, but not in the wines of Jurançon, In the 1870s she was taken by Frenchman Francisco Vidiella in Uruguay introduced and named after this. The initially successful variety has no meaning here and today occupies only one hectare of vineyards.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)