The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms alhabetically grouped by country are Cannut de Lauzun, Chalosse Noire, Dame Noire, Dégoûtant, Enrageat Noir, Folle Noire, Folle Rouge, Gamay Goutot, Giranson, Gouni, Jurançon Rouge, Luxuriant, Piquepout Rouge, Plant Quillat, Quillard, Quillard Rouge, Quillat ( France ); Fola Belcha ( Spain ); Vidiella ( Uruguay ). Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Calitor Noir or Fuella Nera be confused. According to in 2009 DNA analysis is a presumably natural cross between Folle Blanche x Cot (Malbec). She was a cross partner in the three new varieties Chenanson. Ganson and Segalin, The variety was first mentioned in 1839 in the southwestern Lot-et-Garonne.
The medium-ripening, productive variety is susceptible to Botrytis, It produces light-colored red wines with a moderate alcohol content and violet aroma, which are more suitable for rose wines. The vine was in earlier Southwest France widespread and occupied over 12,000 hectares of vineyards in the late 1950s. However, the stock has shrunk to 663 hectares and the trend is still falling. These are in the appellations Vins d'Entraygues et du Fel and Vins d'Estaing approved, but not in the wines of Jurançon, In the 1870s, it was designed by the Frenchman Francisco Vidiella Uruguay introduced and named after it. The initially successful variety is no longer important here and now only occupies one hectare of vineyards.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)