The red grape variety comes from the Balkans. There are around 150 Synonyms, indicating a high age of the vine. The most important are alphabetically grouped by country Kallmet ( Albania ); Gamza, Gamza de Varna, Gumza, Gymza, Varnenska Gimza Bulgaria ); Branicevka, Gomza Croatia ); Cadarcă, Cadarcă Neagră, Cadarcă de Miniş, Lugojana ( Romania ); Skadarka, Skadarka Crna ( Serbia ); Fekete Budai, Kadarka Kék, Töröszölö ( Hungary ). The parentage is unknown. The synonym Skadarka could point to Skadarsko between Montenegro and Albania. Likewise, she could have come from Hungary to Bulgaria, where she was under Gamza as autochthonous Variety is considered. And so could she Romania where a sweet wine made from cadarca grapes was mentioned as early as 1744, from the Turkey (Töröszölö = "Turkish grape"), Serbia or Croatia come. There is no relationship with the white variety Arany Sárfehér (Fehér Kadarka). The variety was crossbred partner of the new breeds Bíborkadarka. Bikavér 8. Carmine. Probus. Rubintos and Turán,
The late-ripening, high-yielding vine is sensitive to frost, prone to by thin-skinned berries Botrytis but resistant to drought, It does not produce very colorful, spicy red wines, with storage potential for vinification. It is therefore well suited for rosé wines. The cultivar had its greatest importance in Hungary attained, where it used to be widespread in large stocks. There she was once also mainly for the after Tokaj most famous Hungarian wine bull's blood (Bikavér) used. But it was then by Kékfrankos ( Blaufränkisch ) and Kékporto ( Blue Portuguese ) repressed. The variety occupies in Hungary 532 hectares of vineyards. In Bulgaria It is cultivated on 550 hectares mainly in the areas of Pleven, Suhindol and Vidin. Other stocks are also available in Albania. Croatia (5 ha), Northern Macedonia. Austria (Burgenland) and Romania (94 ha). In 2010, a vineyard of 1,181 hectares was designated (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)