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The red grape variety comes from the Balkans. There are around 150 Synonyms, which indicates a high age of the vine. The most important alphabetically grouped by country are Kallmet ( Albania ); Gamza, Gamza de Varna, Gumza, Gymza, Varnenska Gimza ( Bulgaria ); Branicevka, Gomza ( Croatia ); Cadarcă, Cadarcă Neagră, Cadarcă de Miniş, Lugojana ( Romania ); Skadarka, Skadarka Crna ( Serbia ); Fekete Budai, Kadarka Kék, Töröszölö ( Hungary ). The parentage is unknown. The synonym Skadarka could point to Skadarsko lying between Montenegro and Albania. Likewise, she could have come from Hungary to Bulgaria, where she was under Gamza as autochthonous Variety is considered. And so could she Romania where a sweet wine made from cadarca grapes was mentioned as early as 1744, from the Turkey (Töröszölö = "Turkish grape"), Serbia or Croatia come. There is no relationship with the white variety Arany Sárfehér (Fehér Kadarka). The variety was crossbred partner of the new breeds Bíborkadarka. Bikavér 8. Carmine. Probus. Rubintos and Turán,

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