The red variety comes from the Balkans. There are around 150 Synonyms, which indicates an old age of the vine. The main ones are grouped alphabetically by country Kallmet ( Albania ); Gamza, Gamza de Varna, Gumza, Gymza, Varnenska Gimza ( Bulgaria ); Branicevka, Gomza ( Croatia ); Cadarcă, Cadarcă Neagră, Cadarcă de Miniș, Lugojana ( Romania ); Skadarka, Skadarka Crna ( Serbia ); Fekete Budai, Kadarka Kék, Töröszölö ( Hungary ). The parentage is unknown. The synonym Skadarka could point to Lake Skadar (Skadarsko) between Montenegro and Albania. Likewise, she might have come to Bulgaria from Hungary, where she was named Gamza autochthonous Variety is considered. And it could just as well Romania, where a sweet wine made from Cadarca grapes was mentioned as early as 1744, from the Turkey (Töröszölö = "Turkish grape"), Serbia or Croatia come. There is no relation to the white variety Arany Sárfehér (Fehér Kadarka). The variety was a cross partner of the new varieties Bíborkadarka. Bikavér 8. Carmine. Probus. Rubintos and Turán,
The late-ripening, productive vine is sensitive to frost, susceptible to thin skinned berries Botrytis but resistant to drought, It does not produce very colorful, spicy red wines, with storage potential if appropriately vinified. It is therefore well suited for rose wines. The variety was most important in Hungary achieved where it was previously widespread in large stocks. There she was once mainly for the after Tokaj most famous Hungarian wine bull's blood (Bikavér) used. But it was then by Kékfrankos ( Blaufränkisch ) and Kékporto ( Blue Portuguese ) repressed. The variety occupies in Hungary 532 hectares of vineyards. In Bulgaria it is mainly grown in the areas of Pleven, Suhindol and Vidin on 550 hectares. There are also other stocks in Albania. Croatia (5 ha), Northern Macedonia. Austria (Burgenland) and Romania (94 ha). In 2010 a vineyard area of 1,181 hectares was shown (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)