The growing area is located in the state of Baden-Württemberg Germany and is distinguished in southern Baden and northern Baden. It extends almost 400 kilometers from the Lake Constance along the Upper Rhine Plain via the Badische Bergstrasse and the Kraichgau to Tauberfranken. The vineyards cover 15,828 hectares of vineyards. The city is in the north Heidelberg with the oldest German university founded in 1386. The Baden Wine Route begins north of this city and leads to Ortenau in southern Baden. Already in the 2nd century, viticulture spread from Lake Constance to the north. It peaked in the 16th century.
It is the southernmost German growing region. Because of the above average warm climate Baden is the only one for Wine growing zone B and thus to the same zone as the French regions Alsace. Savoy and Loire, and also Austria heard. The nine areas are very different in terms of landscape and climate. The highest temperatures are on the southern slopes of the Kaiserstuhl. The soil types range from gravel, marl and clay to chalk, clay and loess to shell limestone and Keuper.
The Baden wine-growing region is divided into nine areas: Badische Bergstraße, Bodensee, Breisgau, Kaiserstuhl, Kraichgau, Markgräflerland, Ortenau, Tauberfranken and Tuniberg with 15 large locations and 315 individual locations. The area in the north, Badische Bergstrasse , formed together with the Hessian mountain road the Bergstrasse wine-growing region. This smallest area covers just under 400 hectares of vineyards. Due to the mild climate, it is also known as the “Riviera of Germany”. The vineyards are concentrated in a few towns north and south of Heidelberg. The predominant type of soil is loess loam with colored sandstone and shell limestone in the subsoil. Contrary to the name, the vineyards are “only” 150 to 250 meters above sea level. There is only one large location in Rittersberg. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual layers:
The second smallest area with around 600 hectares of vineyards Lake Constance is the southernmost wine-growing region in Germany. According to a legend, Charles III. (839-888), a great-grandson Charlemagne (742-814) the Pinot Noir to Bodman. At Lake Constance, the first in Germany in the 1920s Müller-Thurgau grown. The soils are characterized by glacial moraine gravel and molasses (rock deposits). The mirror of Lake Constance is 396 meters, the vineyards extend to 560 meters above sea level. The extinct volcano cone Hohentwiel is the one highest vineyard in Germany. Because of this altitude, the climate here is relatively cool for swimming. There is only one large area of the banks of the sun. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual layers:
The Breisgau area covers around 1,600 hectares of vineyards along the slopes of the Black Forest Freiburg in the south to Lahr in the north. However, it should not be confused with the much larger geographical region of Breisgau. The soils are dominated by loess, shell limestone and gneiss. There is higher rainfall. The most common types are Pinot Noir with over 40%, as well as Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. The area is divided into three major locations, Schutter-Lindenberg, Lichteneck Castle and Zähringen Castle. Well-known winegrowing communities with their individual layers:
The Kaiserstuhl area in the south is by far the largest with over 4,100 hectares of vineyards. It is named after the extinct volcanic cone of the same name. Accordingly, volcanic, but also loess soils predominate. The Kaiserstuhl's climate is particularly favorable for viticulture. The warmest region in Germany can be found on the southern slopes around Achkarren and Ihringen. The most common types are Pinot Noir with 40%, as well as Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. There is only one major location called volcanic rocks. The winegrowing communities with their individual layers:
The Kraichgau area in the north comprises over 1,200 hectares of vineyards. Until 1996 it formed a common area with the Badische Bergstrasse. The predominant type of soil is deep, calcareous loess, which is reflected in the sometimes very spacious, curved terraces. In contrast to all other areas, Riesling is at the top with around 20%, followed by Pinot Noir, Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. The area is divided into three major locations: Hohenberg,...