The growing area in Germany with a vineyard of 15,836 hectares is the third largest and the southernmost. It extends over 300 kilometers from Lake Constance along the Upper Rhine Plain via the Badische Bergstraße and the Kraichgau to Tauberfranken. More than three quarters of the total vineyard area is out of the approximately 100 Winzergenossenschaften processed. These make use of the huge central winery founded in 1952 Badischer wine cellar, which is one of the largest European cooperative farms. The large area is distinguished in South Baden and North Baden. Because of the above - average warm climate Baden is the only German growing area, the Wine growing zone B and thus to the same zone as the French regions Alsace. Savoy and Loire, and also Austria belongs. To the north lies the city Heidelberg with the earliest German university founded in 1386. The Badische Weinstraße begins north of this city and leads to Ortenau in Südbaden.
The Baden region is divided into the nine areas Badische Bergstraße, Lake Constance, Breisgau, Kaiserstuhl, Kraichgau, Markgräflerland, Ortenau, Tauber and Tuniberg with 15 major locations and 315 individual locations. The lying in the north area Baden mountain road formed until 1971 together with the Hessian mountain road the growing area Bergstraße. This smallest area covers just under 400 hectares of vineyards. Due to the mild climate, he is also referred to as the "Riviera of Germany". The vineyards are concentrated in a few villages north and south of Heidelberg. The predominant type of soil is loess clay with underground sandstone and shell limestone. Contrary to the name, there are vineyards in "only" 150 to 250 meters above sea level. There is only one location Rittersberg. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:
The second smallest area with about 600 hectares of vineyards Lake Constance is the southernmost winegrowing area in Germany. After a legend, Charles III. (839-888), a great-grandson Charlemagne (742-814) the Spätburgunder after Bodman. On Lake Constance was in the 1920s in Germany for the first time Müller-Thurgau grown. The soils are characterized by glacial moraine gravel and molasse (rock deposits). The mirror of Lake Constance is 396 meters, the vineyards extend to 560 meters above sea level. The extinct volcanic cone Hohentwiel is the highest vineyard in Germany. Due to this altitude prevails here for Baden relatively cool climate. There is only a great location sun shore. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:
The area Breisgau covers about 1,600 hectares of vineyards along the slopes of the Black Forest of Freiburg in the south to Lahr in the north. However, it must not be confused with the much larger geographical region Breisgau. The soils are dominated by loess, shell limestone and gneiss. There are higher rainfall amounts. The most common varieties are more than 40% Pinot Noir, as well as Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. The area is divided into three major locations: Schutter-Lindenberg, Burg Lichteneck and Burg Zähringen. Well-known wine-growing communities with their individual layers:
The southern Kaiserstuhl area is by far the largest with more than 4,100 hectares of vineyards. He is named after the extinct volcanic cone of the same name. Accordingly prevail Vulkanverwitterungs-, but also loess soils. Climatically, the Kaiserstuhl is particularly favorable for viticulture. The warmest region in Germany can be found on the southern slopes around Achkarren and Ihringen. The most common varieties are with 40% Pinot Noir, as well as Müller-Thurgau and Pinot Gris. There is only one major location called volcanic rock. The wine-growing communities with their individual layers: