The first vines were in this area about 2,400 years ago by the Celts planted. The Romans influenced the viticulture especially in the area of Poetovium (Ptuj = Pettau). The Roman wine author Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned viticulture in the karst area and described these wines as an elixir of life. During the migration of peoples viticulture came to a standstill again. But in the middle age the wines at the courts of imperial Wien and archiepiscopal Salzburg were much appreciated. The Austrian Archduke Johann (1782-1859) owned a sample vineyard near Maribor (Marburg). Even today, the influences of the historical and long affiliation with Austria-Hungary can be felt. As in most European countries, in the second half of the 19th century, large vineyards fell phylloxera to the victim.
built-in areas are located in the north on the border Austria (Southern Styria), to the east on the border with Hungary as well as in the west on the border to the Italian region Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Around three-fourths of the production is made up of white wines, around a quarter on red wines. The Slovenian viticulture has to show a rapid positive development. A showpiece and pioneer is the winery Movia, There are many small vintagers with tiny areas. The climatic conditions are characterized by Alpine, continental and Mediterranean climate. After short, heavy downpours in the spring, there follows a warm summer and a long, mostly sunny autumn, which enables a late harvest and thus also mature predicate wines. Slovenia is divided into three large wine-growing regions with 14 origin-protected wine-growing regions. The vineyards covered a total of 16,000 hectares in 2012, of which 507,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see also Wine production volumes ):
Podravje (Drauland) divided into two areas with 9,650 ha:
1. Stajerska Slovenija (Slovenian Styria) with 8.685 ha
2. Prekmurje with 965 ha
Posavje (Save area) with 4,328 ha:
Primorska (Adriatic Coast) with 8,081 ha: