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Kalmuck-Janker

In the Wachau (Austria) Common name for a vintner jacket made of Kalmuck fabric with a typical check pattern. Kalmuck is a name for a double cotton fabric with a plump underside. The goods, mostly woven in twill weave, are roughened on both sides, making the weave invisible. According to legend, the western Mongolian horsemen of the Kalmyks used the fabric as a saddlecloth and brought it to the Wachau, where it was processed into work jackets. Such jackets made of Kalmuck fabric have always been used by the sailors and raftsmen on the due to their robustness Danube and their tributaries.

Kalmuck-Janker - wine bottle and Janker

Until the end of the 19th century, however, this costume was used less and less. This robust work jacket was only taken over by the winegrowers in the Wachau. The Kalmuck jacket there is part of the traditional Wachau costume and is worn with black trousers, a white cotton shirt and a black hat Stonefeather Busch worn until today. The Kalmuck-Janker is also honored by other traditional associations of boatmen and raftsmen on the Danube and Traun as part of the traditional boatman costume. From the Wachau winery Gritsch Mauritiushof a wine line is marketed under the name "Kalmuck".

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