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A drinking vessel for wine in ancient times Greece, which in Greek mythology is also known as the drinking vessel of the gods. On the cup-shaped vessel were two opposite, widely flared and raised handles, which were held with both hands when drinking. The Kantharos also served as a votive offering (votive from Latin Votum = vow), which was sacrificed according to a vow (ex voto) in a holy place as a sign of thanks for the rescue from an emergency. It was also often used as a religious cult object. With the thyrsos the Kantharos was an attribute of the wine god Dionysos, with which this was often represented. The tondo (round picture) on an Attic drinking bowl dates from the time 480/470 BC. The goddess Athena fills out of one oinochoe (Wine can) Wine in the Kantharos of the hero Herakles.

Kantharos - Dionysus 5th century v. BC and Heracles 480/470 BC Chr.

A Kylix (Mz. Kylikes) was a much flatter drinking bowl, in which, in contrast to the Kantharos, the two handles did not protrude beyond the rim of the vessel. Some of these drinking bowls also had a higher foot, which was used to touch when drinking. Kantharos and Kylix liked to be with the symposia (Drinking binge with witty conversations and games) used. The picture on the right shows a kylix by the Greek potter Euergides, who lived in Athens in the last quarter of the 6th century and mainly produced bowls. He has preserved at least twelve signatures on red-figure bowls. See also under crater (antique wine jug) and wine vessels,

Kantharos - Kylix at Symposium / Kylix by Eiergides

Dionysus: Jastrow , public domain, link
Kylix Symposion: By unknown, picture-PD-old , link
Kylix Euergides: By ChrisO , Eigenes Wer, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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