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A drinking vessel for wine in the antique Greece which in Greek mythology is also used as the drinking vessel of the gods. To the cup-shaped vessel vertically two opposing, widely diffused and raised handles were attached, where it was kept while drinking with both hands. The Kantharos also served as a votive offer (votive of Latin vowel = vows), which was sacrificed according to a vow (ex voto) at holy place as a sign of gratitude for salvation from an emergency. Likewise, he was also often used as a religious cult object. With the thyrsos Kantharos was an attribute of the wine god Dionysos with which this was often presented. The Tondo (round picture) on an Attic drinking bowl dates from the time 480/470 before Christ. The goddess Athena fills out one oinochoe (Wine pot) Wine in the Kantharos of the hero Heracles.

Kantharos - Dionysos 5th cent. v. Chr. And Herakles 480/470 v. Chr. Chr.

A Kylix (Mz. Kylikes) was a much flatter drinking bowl, in which, in contrast to the Kantharos, the two handles did not protrude beyond the rim of the vessel. In part, these drinking cups also had a higher foot, which served to drink while drinking. Kantharos and Kylix were happy to join the symposia (Drinking with spirited talks and games) used. The picture on the right shows a kylix from the Greek potter Euergides, who lived in Athens in the last quarter of the 6th century and mainly produced bowls. He has received at least twelve signatures on red-figure bowls. See also below crater (antique wine pitcher) and wine vessels,

Kantharos - Kylix at Symposion / Kylix von Eiergides

Dionysos: Jastrow , Public domain, Link
Kylix Symposion: From Unknown, Image PD Old , Link
Kylix Euergides: By ChrisO , Own Who, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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