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One of the winegrowing regions in Georgia; look there.

The Middle East (formerly Grusinia) east of the Black Sea in Transcaucasia is one of the oldest wine-growing countries. It is also cultivated as the origin grapevine named, but which is suspected according to recent research in today's Turkey in southeast Anatolia (arrow). After Bible is on the mountain Ararat landed after the end of the Noah Flood. According to a hypothesis, the 5,000-year-old clay jugs found near the city of Wani in Imeretia are believed to be the core of the Rkatsiteli vine have included. Grape seeds from cultivated vines that are already 7,000 years old indicate a selection for the breeding better grape varieties. Archeology provided evidence that viticulture enjoyed great importance from an early age and was an integral part of Georgian culture. In the museum of the capital Tbilisi (Tbilisi) there is a short piece of vine covered with silver, which was found in Trialeti in the south and whose age was 3,000 BC. BC was determined. numerous Rebmesser, Stone star, mills, clay and metal vessels and jewelry in the form of grapes and vine leaves from the period between 3000 and 2000 BC. BC were excavated in Mukheta, Trialeti and Pitsunda as well as in the Alazani valley.

Georgia - map

Rich ornaments with fruit-laden vines can be found on the walls of temples in the cities of Samtavisi, Ikalto, Gelati, Nikortsminda, Vardzia and Zarmza. In a poem by the Greek scholar Apollonius of Rhodes (3rd century BC), the librarian of the famous library in Alexandria, his work "Argonautica" states that the Argonauts (heroes of Greek mythology) upon their arrival in vines in the capital, Colchis, at the entrance to the Royal Palace and a fountain with wine in the shade of the trees. Georgian legends testify to the love of grapevines. Georgia took over Christianity in the fourth century. The first cross was allegedly made by vines to demonstrate Christian religion and vine as the most sacred goods in the country. For many centuries, viticulture in Georgia had great economic importance and finally reached an absolute peak in the Middle Ages.

After the Second World War, Georgia developed into an important wine supplier in the USSR, with the emphasis being on mass. By 1985 the vineyards had grown to 125,000 hectares. Then there was the anti-alcohol campaign under Mikhail Gorbachev (* 1931) a major setback, because 40,000 hectares of vineyards were cleared and replaced by melon cultivation. At the time of independence from 1991, 75% of the production was after Russia exported. In 2006, however, there was an import ban (by the way, also...

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