The former USSR State and now independent republic is with approximately 2.7 million square kilometers the ninth largest country in the world. The only state border in the north is those too Russia, Only barely 4% of Kazakhstan's high-priced land area offers cheap Climate- and soil conditions for a viticulture. Evidence of a grape growing date back to the 7th century BC. Back. Vine cultivation on a large scale took place from the 1930s. At that time, the border with the south and southeast of the country China numerous fruit and grape vines in the areas Almaty, Qysylorda and Schambyl justified.
The continental climate is characterized by very cold winters and low rainfall. Therefore, mostly artificial irrigation with the waters of the rivers Syr-Darya and Ili. In 2012, the vineyard covered 13,000 hectares, of which 155,000 hectoliters of wine were produced (see also under Wine production volumes ). About one third of them are table grapes, Specialty are gespritete Dessert wines and sparkling wines, The former capital Almaty (Alma-Ata) is the center of sparkling wine production. Of the Blend 2010:
|Kuldzhinskii||pink||Chulsinsky, Kouldyinka, Kulchinsky||385|
|Muscat Rose||pink||Variety of Muscat Blanc||227|
|Maiskii Chernyi||red||Majsky Cherny, Mayskiy||110|
|Muscat Violet||red||Variety of Muscat Blanc||27|
|Rubinovy Magaracha||red||Magaracha Ruby||?|