The Greek island (also Kefallinia, Kephallonia, Zephalonia) with over 900 km² is the largest of the Ionian Islands, The main town is Argostolion. Already closed Homer In times (8th century BC) wine was grown here. Throughout its history, the island was under the rule of the Romans, Franks, Turks, Venetians, French and English. There was a severe earthquake in 1953, almost half of the population left the island. This occurred on the island for the first time in the 1980s phylloxera and caused very big problems.
At an altitude of 250 to 800 meters, predominantly on barren, stony limestone soils autochthonous Grape varieties cultivated. The most common variety is Robola, others are Thiniatiko ( Mavrodaphne ), Moscato Aspro ( Muscat Blanc ), Perahoritiko ( Savatiano ) Tsaoussi and Zakynthino, There are three POP appellations,
The dry white wine Robola from Kefallonia (also Robola or Rompola for short) unmixed made from the Robola variety. It is the only Greek appellation that is named after a grape variety. The vineyards cover 180 hectares and are located in the southern part of the island, on the Omala plateau.
The white dessert wine Muscat from Kefallonia is made from the Moscato Aspro variety. He is called Vin doux naturel (sprit) and as Vin naturellement doux generated. If the grapes from particularly old vineyards with low earnings the name Vin Doux Grand Cru on label be used. The sweet red wine Mavrodaphne from Kefallonia is made from the Mavrodaphne variety. Important producers are Calligas, Cosmetatos and Metaxa,