The red variety comes from Georgia, There are about 120 synonyms, some of which are Bolove Oko, Charistvala, Dodrelyabi, Kek Tökszölö, Memed Kara, Oxeye, Hungarian Black Blue, Vovoko and Plum Wines. The german name Meadow Brown and plum grape berries refer to the giant berries. According to done in 2013 DNA analysis it is a presumably natural cross between Tigvoasa x kadarka, To what extent a genetic link to the white variety Kharistvala Meskhuri is not known. The variety was crossing partner of the new breed Alphonse Lavallée, It is mainly used in the region of Imeretia as table grape used. The variety is also in the Turkey exported and used there for the wine production. In 2010, however, no stocks were reported (Kym Anderson ).
Photos: Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY