The red grape variety comes from Georgia, There are around 120 synonyms, some of which are Bolove Oko, Charistvala, Dodrelyabi, Kék Tökszölö, Memed Kara, Oxeye, Hungarian Black-Blue, Vovoko and Plum-Weinbeer. The German names Meadow Brown and plum wine berries refer to the huge berries. According to in 2013 DNA analysis is a presumably natural cross between Tigvoasa x kadarka, To what extent a genetic connection to the white variety Kharistvala Meskhuri is not known. The variety was a cross partner of the new breed Alphonse Lavallée, It is mainly used in the region of Imeretia table grape used. The variety is also in the Turkey exported and used there for wine production. However, no stocks were shown in 2010 (Kym Anderson ).
Images: Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY