The red grape variety comes from Georgia. There are about 120 synonyms, some of them are Bolove Oko, Charistvala, Dodrelyabi, Kék Tökszölö, Memed Kara, Ox-eye, Hungarian Black Blue, Vovoko and Plum-Wine Berry. The German names Ochsenauge and Zwetschken-Weinbeer refer to the huge berries. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2013, it is a presumably natural cross between Tigvoasa x Kadarka. To what extent there is a genetic connection to the white variety Kharistvala Meskhuri is not known. The variety was a cross-breeding partner of the new breed Alphonse Lavallée. In the Imeretia region it is mainly used as a table grape. However, the variety is also exported to Turkey and used there for wine production. However, no stocks were reported in 2010 (Kym Anderson).
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)