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Little is known about the life of Ghija ud-din Abu'l Fath Umar Ibn Ibrahim Ul-Khayyami, as he is called in the oldest Arabic sources. He was considered a great mathematician and astronomer, who became famous for scientific papers in Arabic, but above all for the creation of a calendar that in some respects is even superior to the Gregorian. This was officially introduced in 1079, replacing the Arab-Islamic lunar year with the Persian solar year. In Europe it became known as Omar Khayyam due to its approximately 750 four-liner (Rubaiyat). He was born between 1021 and 1048 in Nischâpur, then the largest city in ancient Persia ( Iran ). He spent most of his life here and died and was buried there between 1122 and 1131.

Left: By Abolhassan Sadighi - Own work , GFDL 1.2 , Link
Right: CC BY-SA 3.0 , link

His partly pessimistic drinking songs were directed against religious fanaticism and also heretical against Islamic alcohol ban : "I don't know whether the person who shaped my being prepared me a home in heaven or in terrible hell. But a little food, a woman adored and a little wine on a green heap - that is wealth - keep the heaven for you that you trust so much ” . Another example: “Every day I make a new effort to stop drinking and regret it; but sweet Lenz has appeared since the full scent of roses - I regret my regrets ” . Omar Khayyam also wrote about the legendary king Jamshid, at whose court legend has it that wine was invented. Another famous Persian poet is Hafiz (1324-1390). See also under the keyword Quotes where verses from both poets are included.

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