The red grape variety comes from Azerbaijan; the name means "laugh" or "happy". Synonyms are Chindogni, Gara Shira, Hindogni, Khendorni, Khindogny, Khndogni, Scireni and Sveni. The medium to late ripening vine is resistant to fungal diseases and drought but sensitive to frost, It produces alcohol-rich red wines, which are developed as fortified dessert wines. The variety is mainly grown in the Nagorno-Karabakh region (split from Azerbaijan) in the south-west of the country. Further stocks are said to be in Armenia. Russia and Uzbekistan give. In 2010, however, no stocks were shown.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)