The red grape variety comes from Azerbaijan; the name means "laugh" or "happy". Synonyms are Chindogni, Gara Shira, Hindogni, Khendorni, Khindogny, Khndogni, Scireni and Sveni. The medium to late ripening vine is resistant to fungal diseases and drought but sensitive to frost, It produces alcoholic red wines, which are developed as fortified dessert wines. The variety is cultivated mainly in the Nagorno-Karabakh region (split off from Azerbaijan) in the southwest of the country. More stocks should be there in Armenia. Russia and Uzbekistan give. In 2010, however, no stocks were reported.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)