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23.054 Keywords • 48.232 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.360 Pronunciations • 155.041 Cross-references

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Kir

Classic French aperitif named after the priest, chief editor and politician Félix-Adrien Kir (1876-1968). This was an extraordinary personality. During the German occupation of France in World War II, he belonged to the Resistance and allowed 5,000 French prisoners of war to flee. He was arrested and sentenced to death, but released. In 1945 he was appointed Knight of the Legion of Honor. His primary concern was to secure peace through reconciliation. As a member of the French National Assembly, together with the German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer (1876-1967) and Ludwig Erhard (1897-1977) he was a co-founder of the Franco-German friendship, for which he was awarded the German Federal Cross of Merit. From 1945 to 1968 he was mayor of the Burgundian city Dijon and enjoyed the highest reputation among the population.

Kir made the "Blanc-Cassis" drink, which is popular with winegrowers, the official drink of the region, which was served at receptions in the town hall. In the end it was even named after him. In 1952, he initially only granted the Lejay-Lagoute house the exclusivity of the name. In order not to disadvantage the other liqueur dealers, they also gave permission. On the Côte d'Or, the Kir is traditionally made from dry white grape wine Aligoté and crème de Cassis mixed in a ratio of 9: 1. First, the liqueur is poured into a chilled champagne glass, poured with the wine and then stirred gently. The drink was very well received and quickly spread through Paris all over the world in the 1980s, especially in the chic scene. The variant "Kir Royal" is sparkling wine or champagne used instead of wine. The mixture of red wine with cassis is called "cardinal". If a crème de framboise (raspberry liqueur) is used instead of cassis, this is called "Kir Imperial". There are now many similar ones cocktails based on sparkling wines and fruit liqueurs.

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