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22.776 Keywords • 48.499 Synonyms • 5.298 Translations • 7.909 Pronunciations • 151.251 Cross-references

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Kir

Classic French aperitif named after the priest, chief cyclist and politician Félix-Adrien Kir (1876-1968). This one was an extraordinary personality. During the German occupation of France in the Second World War, he was a member of the Resistance and allowed the escape of 5,000 French prisoners of war. He was arrested and sentenced to death but released. In 1945 he was appointed Knight of the Legion of Honor. His main concern was to secure peace through reconciliation. As a member of the French National Assembly, he was co-founder of German-French friendship with the German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer (1876-1967) and Ludwig Erhard (1897-1977), for which he was awarded the German Federal Cross of Merit. From 1945 to 1968 he was Lord Mayor of the Burgundian city Dijon and enjoyed the highest reputation in the population.

Kir made the popular "Blanc-Cassis" drink among the winegrowers the official drink of the region served at receptions in the town hall. After all, it was even named after him. He confessed in 1952 initially only the house Lejay-Lagoute the exclusivity of the name. In order not to disadvantage the other liqueur traders, this also gave the permission. The Kir is traditionally made from dry white grape wine on the Côte d'Or Aligoté and cream de Cassis mixed in the ratio 9: 1. First, the liqueur is filled in a chilled champagne glass, poured with the wine and then stirred gently. The drink was well received and spread rapidly in the 1980s via Paris all over the world, especially in the fanciful scene. In the variant "Kir Royal" is sparkling wine or champagne used instead of wine. The mixture of red wine with cassis is called "Cardinal". If instead of Cassis a creme de framboise (raspberry liqueur) is taken, this is called "Kir Imperial". There are many similar ones cocktails based on sparkling wines and fruit liqueurs.

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