This synonym for the Riesling
is in the entire German cultivation area to bathe
approved, but is mainly used in the area Ortenau. The name derives from the won
or section Klingelbergstrasse
off, this is the top of the single layer Schlossberg
400 meters above sea level in Durbach. The Klingelberg was designated with the Wine Law of 1971 due to the small size of only 2.5 acres not as a single location. The south-facing steep Klingelberg is documentary evidence probably planted for over a thousand years with grapevines. The soil consists of low-humored weathering granite and is partially interspersed with porphyry and gneiss. It is a very barren soil with little Water storage capacity
, This forces the roots into the depth, allows only low yields and provides complex, mineral
Wines. In the vineyards of Margrave of Baden
(Schloss Staufenberg) was in 1680 called the Klingelberger separately and thus attributed higher value than the other wines. The then tillering, however, still consisted of one mixed sentence
with 15 varieties.
In 1776 the Klingelberg was re-planted and planted with 8,000 seedlings of a Riesling variety from the stately vineyards to Karlsruhe-Durlach. Since the vines did not thrive, in 1782 Grand Duke Carl Friedrich von Baden (1728-1811) had 2,200 Rieslings from the vineyard in Bergen and 1,500 Rieslings from a Rebgut planted near Frankfurt. Thus, the Klingelberg was the first varietal vineyard in Baden. At the same time, the cultivation methods were also optimized. The variety thrived excellently and was much sought after, so soon seedlings from this location were used to propagate the Riesling throughout Baden. Therefore, this plant was called Klingelberger and this name has been preserved until today. Thanks to the innovative Grand Duke (he had also abolished serfdom in Baden and introduced compulsory education), Schloss Staufenberg and Klingelberg are considered to be the nurseries of quality viticulture in Baden. The first plantings of the two varieties Gewürztraminer and Clevner (Traminer) go back to Carl Friedrich.
The Klingelberger Riesling was from the beginning a mixed set of at least three different ones Clone
There is therefore no single game type. The berries of the typical Klingelberger have a striking, called "eye" black point, and are slightly flattened. In addition, they discolor in the sunlight into the bluish. Due to the strong frost in 1956, a large part of the Riesling plants froze. Of the extremely rare variant of this old Klingelbergers therefore only sporadically sticks can be found. In Durbach were still few sticks available. In the winter of 2004/2005 were of it cuttings
made, finished and thus planted in April 2006, a part of the Klingelbergs with 1.1 hectares. The project is run by the Weinbauinstitut in Freiburg
accompanied scientifically. About 30 different Riesling varieties are to be planted parallel to the old Klingelberger. Evaluations of growth, resilience, yield, maturity etc. are then carried out over years in order to document the differences.