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Klingelberger

This synonym for the Riesling is in the entire German growing area to bathe admitted, but is mainly used in the Ortenau area. The name derives from the won or section Klingelbergstrasse off, this is the top of the single layer Schlossberg 400 meters above sea level in Durbach. The Klingelberg was designated with the Wine Law of 1971 due to the small size of only 2.5 acres not as a single location. The south-facing steep Klingelberg is documentary evidence probably planted for over a thousand years with grapevines. The soil consists of low-humored weathering granite and is partially interspersed with porphyry and gneiss. It is a very barren soil with little Water storage capacity, This forces the roots in depth, allows only low yields and provides complex, mineral Wines. In the vineyards of Margrave of Baden (Schloss Staufenberg) was called in 1680 the Klingelberger separately and thus attributed higher value than the other wines. The then tillering consisted of one mixed sentence with 15 varieties.

In 1776 the Klingelberg was re-planted and planted with 8,000 seedlings of a Riesling variety from the stately vineyards to Karlsruhe-Durlach. Since the vines did not thrive, in 1782 Grand Duke Carl Friedrich von Baden (1728-1811) had 2,200 Rieslings from the vineyard in Bergen and 1,500 Rieslings from a Rebgut planted near Frankfurt. Thus, the Klingelberg was the first varietal vineyard in Baden. At the same time, the cultivation methods were also optimized. The variety thrived excellently and was very sought after, so soon seedlings from this location were used to propagate the Riesling throughout Baden. Therefore, this plant was called Klingelberger and this name has been preserved until today. The innovative Grand Duke (he had abolished serfdom in Baden and introduced compulsory education) is due to the fact that Schloss Staufenberg and the Klingelberg are referred to as the nursery of quality viticulture in Baden. The first plantings of the two varieties Gewürztraminer and Clevner (Traminer) go back to Carl Friedrich.

The Klingelberger Riesling was from the beginning a mixed set of at least three different Clone So there is no single game type. The berries of the typical Klingelberger have a distinctive, called "eye" black dot, and are slightly flattened. In addition, they discolor in sunlight into the bluish. Due to the strong frost in 1956, a large part of the Riesling plants froze. From the extremely rare variant of this old Klingelbergers therefore only sporadically sticks are to be found. In Durbach were still few sticks available. In the winter of 2004/2005 were of it cuttings made, finished and thus in April 2006 a part of the Klingelberg planted with 1.1 hectares. The project is being carried out by the Weinbauinstitut in Freiburg scientifically accompanied. Around 30 different Riesling varieties are to be planted parallel to the old Klingelberger. Evaluations on growth, resilience, yield, maturity, etc. are then carried out over years to document the differences.

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