This synonym for the Riesling
is in the entire German growing region to bathe
approved, but is mainly used in the Ortenau area. The name derives from won
or section Klingelbergstrasse
ab, this is the top part of the single layer Schlossberg
at 400 meters above sea level in Durbach. The Klingelberg was not designated as a single location with the 1971 Wine Law due to the small size of only 2.5 hectares. The steep Klingelberg facing south has been documented with vines for over a thousand years. The floor consists of low humus weathering rock made of granite and is partially interspersed with porphyry and gneiss. It is a very barren soil with little Water storage capacity
, This forces the roots deep, allows only low yields and produces complex, mineral
Wines. In the wine inventory of Margrave of Baden
(Schloss Staufenberg) the Klingelberger was named separately in 1680 and was therefore given a higher value than the other wines. The stocking at that time still consisted of one mixed sentence
with 15 varieties.
In 1776 the Klingelberg was replanted and planted with 8,000 seedlings of a Riesling variety from the manorial vines at Karlsruhe-Durlach. Since the vines did not thrive, in 1782 Grand Duke Carl Friedrich von Baden (1728-1811) had 2,200 Rieslings from the vineyard in Bergen and 1,500 Rieslings from a vineyard near Frankfurt replanted. This made the Klingelberg the first single-vineyard in all of Baden. At the same time, the cultivation methods were also optimized. The variety thrived excellently and was very popular, so soon seedlings from this location were used to propagate Riesling throughout Baden. This is why this seedling was called Klingelberger and this designation has been preserved to this day. It is thanks to the innovative Grand Duke (he also abolished serfdom and introduced compulsory schooling) that Schloss Staufenberg and Klingelberg are referred to as the planting site for quality winegrowing in Baden. The first plantings of the two varieties Gewürztraminer and Clevner (Traminer) also go back to Carl Friedrich.
From the beginning, the Klingelberger Riesling was a mixed set of at least three different ones Clone
, there is therefore no single variant. The berries of the typical Klingelberger have a distinctive black dot called the "eye" and are somewhat flattened. They also change color to bluish when exposed to sunlight. Due to the severe frost in 1956, most of the Riesling facilities froze. Only a few sticks can be found of the extremely rare version of this old Klingelberger. Only a few sticks were left in Durbach. In the winter of 2004/2005, there were cuttings
made, refined and in April 2006 part of the Klingelberg planted 1.1 hectares. The project is carried out by the Weinbauinstitut in Freiburg
scientifically accompanied. Around 30 different Riesling varieties are to be planted parallel to the old Klingelberger. Evaluations of growth, resilience, yield, maturity etc. are then carried out over years to document the differences.