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The Greek wine trade and production company headquartered in Athens was founded in 1895 by Dr. Ing. Vassilis Kourtakis (1865-1946) was founded. This built a small winery at Markopoulo on the peninsula Attica in central Greece. He was the first Greek ever to achieve a diploma in oenology in Greece. It was initially limited to the production of Retsina wine, which was delivered to taverns across the country. Only Dimitris Kourtakis, the son of the founder, began filling in 0.5 and 0.75-liter bottles. Today the company is run by Vassilis Kourtakis (grandson of the founder) in the third generation. This introduced in the 1980s initially against the opposition of his father modern production methods.

It produces quality wines under the brand name "Kouros", as well as table wines under the brand name "Apelia". The wines come from the islands Crete. Samos and Santorini, as well as from the appellations Nemea and Patras on the island Peloponnese, Of the Retsina comes from Attica and is one of the best selling. In the 1990s, the winery was Calligas on the island Kefallonia and founded "Greek Wine Cellars" as a parent company. The company employs 250 people. There are two foreign branches "Kourtakis Deutschland GmbH" and "Kourtakis Japan LTD." Every year around 30 million bottles of wine are produced and 50% are exported.

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