The Greek wine trading and production company, headquartered in Athens, was founded in 1895 by Dr. Vassilis Kourtakis (1865-1946) founded. He built a small winery near Markopoulo on the peninsula Attica in central Greece. He was the first Greek ever to obtain a diploma in oenology in Greece. Initially, it was limited to the production of Retsina wine, which was delivered to taverns across the country. It was not until Dimitris Kourtakis, the founder's son, started bottling in 0.5 and 0.75 liter bottles. Today the third generation of the company is run by Vassilis Kourtakis (grandson of the founder). In the 1980s, he initially introduced modern production methods against his father's resistance.
Quality wines are produced under the brand name "Kouros", as well as table wines under the brand name "Apelia". The wines come from the islands Crete. Samos and Santorini, as well as from the appellations Nemea and Patras on the island Peloponnese, The Retsina comes from Attica and is one of the best-selling. In the 1990s the winery became Calligas on the island Kefallonia taken over and "Greek Wine Cellars" founded as a parent company. The company employs 250 people. There are two foreign branches "Kourtakis Deutschland GmbH" and "Kourtakis Japan LTD." Around 30 million bottles of wine are produced annually, 50% of which is exported.