The winegrower Prof. Ing. Vilém Kraus (1924-2013) is considered the most important Czech wine-growing expert of the 20th century (his son of the same name was a winegrower and died in 2004). He studied agriculture and forestry technology as well as agriculture in Prague. Much of his life he worked at the Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry and engaged in the research and new breed from varieties and documents, Either by himself or his team are the varieties Arolanka. Cerason. Erilon. Fratava. GM 6493 and GM 6494, K1 (base), Kofranka. Laurot. Malverina. Marlen. Nativa. Neronet. Rinot. rondo (Base sites), Rubinet. Savilon. Serena and Sibera emerged. In the 1980s, he developed the training systemVertiko,
From the year 1959 he worked as a teacher at the Viticulture Institute and from 1964 to 1991 as head of the Faculty of Horticulture of the Mendel University in Lednice. Kraus was also chairman and scientific secretary of Moravín, the Association of Moravian Winegrowers. During lectures, visits and trips abroad on the subject of viticulture, he often acted as an interpreter because he spoke French, German and Russian. He was also active in the training sector, including for sommeliers, In 1990 he finally became professor of viticulture and oenology appointed.
Kraus was also extensively active as a publicist. So he wrote more than 50 scientific papers on the topics physiology the vine, education & pruning and history of Bohemian and Moravian viticulture, almost 200 articles in Czech, German and Austrian wine magazines and about 15 books as author and co-author. After his retirement, he continued to work on the subject of viticulture and worked among other things in the design of the Czech wine law With. Kraus was nationally and internationally repeatedly honored and honored, among other things by the Czech Republic for his scientific achievements and of the OIV (Organization Internationale de la Vigne et du Vin) for his life's work.