The city on the left bank of the Danube and west of the Krems River is the center of the wine region Kremstal in Lower Austria, The place was first mentioned in 995 as "Urbs chremisa". Already in 1305 Krems was elevated to the status of a city and the connection to winegrowing was documented in the city law by adding "the city's honor mostly lies in the vineyards" and with the name "Cittá del Vino". At the height of prosperity, over 50 reading courtyards (co-operatives, mutually) of spiritual foundations from Upper Austria, Salzburg, Bavaria and South Bohemia were active in Krems and Stein. In the 13th century, almost half of the Krems vineyards were owned by the monasteries. The city of Krems covered three quarters of Lower Austria's wine exports with 100,000 liters. At that time, three-quarters of the city's population lived from viticulture.
A wine-growing school was founded in Krems in 1875. Krems include the districts of Angern, Egelsee, Gneixendorf, Hollenburg, Krems, Rehberg, Stein and Thallern. In 1614 the foundation stone was laid for the Capuchin monastery and the pilgrimage place AND, which lies between Krems and Stein. The Danube overflowed for weeks of rain and became its namesake. At the start of construction, it was called "Claustrum ad undam" - the monastery on the Danube wave. Today, the "Weinkolleg Kloster UND" in the historical cellars offers wine-interested beginners and professional tasters the opportunity to taste over a hundred wines from all eight Lower Austrian wine regions.
Most of the around 1,000 hectares terraced Vine areas dominate with around two thirds of the Grüner Veltliner, followed by Riesling and Traminer. The Kremser Rieden (Lagen) are among the oldest in Austria. After the Second World War, large estates were created, which were named after the most famous reed. The reindeer Pfaffenberg in the Stein district has been famous since 1230 and formerly belonged to the church. Today she is one of the “ Hall Pfaffenberg ”(part of the large Kremstal location) with 185 hectares of vineyards, which also includes the vineyards Wieden and Wachtberg includes. In 1208 the famous reed sandpit first mentioned, today it lies in the center of the also named large location and also denotes a well-known brand wine,
Other vineyards are Altenburg (first mentioned in 1188), Frechau, Gebling. Kögl. Goldberg (here became the first in 1926 Müller-Thurgau planted in Austria), dog and Weinzierl. The traditional regional brand “Kremser Schmidt” was named after the painter and son of the city of Martin Johann Schmidt (1718-1801). This portrayed the empress Maria Theresa (1717-1780) and often paid for his services in wine. The history of Krems viticulture has been comprehensively documented in the Viticulture Museum in the former Dominican monastery founded in 1236 since 1996. A large winegrowers' cooperative is Winemaker Krems, the the City of Krems winery is owned by the community. In Krems there is also one of the test centers for quality wine testing regarding the issuing of State test number,
Picture below: © Robert Herbst - Point of View