One of the eight specific wine regions in the Austrian state or generic wine-growing region Lower Austria, It is located to the east adjacent to the Wachau, The named after the river Kremstal extends north and south of the Danube and includes the city Krems, the more easterly areas and the small wine communities south of the Danube. It is a very old wine-growing region, already from the year 973 vineyards of the diocese of Passau for the Kremstal be attested. After the devastation of the peoples migration, bishops from Salzburg and Bavaria cultivated vineyards from the 10th century onwards. Over 40 monasteries located around the city of Krems were awarded vineyards as a foundation until the 16th century.
The French emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) visited in 1805 before the occupation of Vienna Stift Göttweig and loved the area and the wine. The Austrian composer and avowed wine lover Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) allegedly got the inspiration for his "Mariazeller Mass" in the same pen. Strongly connected to the area is the 1000-year history of the winemaker dynasty Moser. The Austrian wine-growing pioneer Laurenz Moser III. (1905-1978) from the community Rohrendorf near Krems led from the year 1929 created by him training systemhigh culture in his vineyards, which soon became a standard.
When soil type prevails primeval rock and loess. The relatively cool and humid Atlantic climate is positively influenced by the influence of the Pannonian climate. Especially the deeply cut Danube valley is climatically favored. In the larger, counting to the Waldviertel, northern part of the viticulture center Krems with the district Stein with the vineyards Frechau, Goldberg, Danzern, Grillenparz, dog. Kögl Marthal, Pfaffenberg. sandpit, Fright and Wieden, Further communities are Gedersdorf (Geppling, Moosburgerin, Reisenthal, Spiegel, Steindl, Tiefenthal, Weitgasse, Wieland, Zehetnerin), Rohrendorf ( Gebling, Breiter Rain, Paschingerin, Schnabel, Steinwandl, Wolfsgraben) and Senftenberg (Ehrenfels, Hochäcker, Pellinger, Pfenningberg, Rammeln).
In the southern area over the Danube on the right bank is the world-famous founded in 1072 Benedictine pen Göttweig. The wine-growing communities located here are Brunnkirchen and Thallern (Brunnfeld, Frauengrund, Herrentrost, Maring, Satzen, heavy cones, Steinhagen), Eggendorf, Furth-Palt, Krustetten, Höbenbach, Hollenburg, Meidling, Oberfucha, Tiefenfucha, Paudorf and Steinaweg (Brunngraben, Eichbühel . Gottschelle, Hahn, Höhlgraben, Oberfeld, Point, Schrötten, Steinbühel, Upper and Lower Zistel, Wolfsberg).
In 2015, the vineyards covered a total of 2,369 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2009 with 2,243 hectares, this was an increase of 6%. The proportion of red wines is 17.9%, the proportion of white wines 82.1%. It dominates with more than half of the stock Grüner Veltliner, followed by Zweigelt and Riesling.
| Grape variety - Austrian |
| officially permitted in Austria |
|colour|| hectare |
| % -Ant |
| hectare |
|Zweigelt||Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger||red||305||12.9||293|
|White Riesling||Riesling, Rhine Riesling||White||249||10.5||230|
|Chardonnay||Morillon - Not used in Lower Austria||White||45||1.9||41|
|muscatel||Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc||White||43||1.8||28|
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Klevner||White||42||1.7||43.5|
|Blue Burgundy||Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir||red||22||0.9||22.5|
|Gem. Set knows||-||White||12.8||0.5||18.5|
|Gem. Set red||-||red||5.3||0.2||2|
|Traminer||Gewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T.||White||5.2||0.2||4.3|
|Gray Burgundy||Pinot gris, Ruländer||White||1.3||0.1||1.6|
|and white varieties||-||White||3.2||0.1||1.9|
|and red varieties||-||red||0.7||-||0.8|
From the year 2007, the quality- controlled Kremstal DAC was introduced. All other quality wines have to deal with the origin of Lower Austria, the Vins under the wine-growing region name wine country be marketed. In addition to the generally valid DAC conditions Special rules apply.
They are the Quality wine-grape varietiesGreen Valtellina and Riesling authorized. The wines must dry be expanded. From the year 2016, a three-stage system was introduced to the origin to emphasize more strongly. There are lower limits for the alcohol content, but no upper limits anymore. The date for the request to obtain the State test number is staggered in time. In the case of a positive decision (usually within one week), marketing may take place:
The wines must taste a characteristic typicality exhibit. For Grüner Veltliner : fruity, fine wort, none botrytis, no noticeable wood tone ( toast flavor ) balanced, Not heavy on alcohol, For Riesling : gossamery. aromatic. elegant. mineral, no Botrytis dominance, no wood color, balanced, not alcoholic. For reserve : strong style, pronounced area and variety aroma, dense and long in the leaving, a delicate botrytis and wood tone is allowed.
Well-known wineries are Aigner Wolfgang. Berger Erich. Bründlmayer Josef & Philipp. Buchegger Walter. Dockner Josef. Eder Martin. Edlinger Josef. Felsner Manfred. Forest rider Meinhard. Geyerhof. Graf-Faltl. Hagen Anton. High Harald. Laurence V.. Lenz Moser AG. Malat Michael. Mantlerhof. Nigl Martin. Moser Hermann. Moser Sepp. Müller Leopold and Stefan. Müller-Grossmann. Müllner Johann. Parzer Christian. Proidl Franz. Salomon Undhof. Schmid Josef. Stagard. Thiery-Weber. Türk Franz. Unger Petra. Vorspannhof Mayr. Waltz Martin. Winery City Krems. Weingut Stift Göttweig. Winemaker Krems. Rowis Wolfgang. Zoehrer Anton. Carpenter Alois, A well-known winegrower association is Traditionsweingüter Austria,