One of the eight specific ones wine regions in the Austrian state or generic wine-growing region Lower Austria, It is adjacent to the east Wachau, The Kremstal, named after the river, extends north and south of the Danube and embraces the city Krems, the eastern areas and the small wine-growing communities south of the Danube. It is a very old wine-growing region, vineyards of the diocese of Passau for the Kremstal are already attested from the year 973. After the devastation of the people's hike, bishops from Salzburg and Bavaria had vineyards cultivated here from the 10th century. Up to 40 monasteries around the city of Krems were granted vineyards as a foundation until the 16th century.
The French emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) visited the 1805 before the occupation of Vienna Göttweig Abbey and loved the area and the wine. The Austrian composer and avowed wine lover Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) allegedly got the inspiration for his "Mariazell Fair" in the same abbey. The 1,000-year history of the Moser winemaking dynasty is strongly connected to the area. The Austrian viticulture pioneer Laurenz Moser III. (1905-1978) from the community Rohrendorf near Krems led the one he created from 1929 training systemhigh culture in his vineyards, which soon became a standard.
As soil type there is primeval rock and loess. The relatively cool and humid Atlantic climate is positively influenced by the influence of the Pannonian climate. The deeply cut Danube Valley is particularly favorable in terms of climate. The wine-growing center is located in the larger, northern part of the Waldviertel Krems with the district of Stein with the vineyards Frechau, Goldberg, Danzern, Grillenparz, dog. Kögl Marthal Pfaffenberg. sandpit, Fright and Wieden, Other municipalities are Gedersdorf (Geppling, Moosburgerin, Reisenthal, Spiegel, Steindl, Tiefenthal, Weitgasse, Wieland, Zehetnerin), Rohrendorf ( Gebling, Breiter Rain, Paschingerin, Schnabel, Steinwandl, Wolfsgraben) and Senftenberg (Ehrenfels, Hochäcker, Pellinger, Pfenningberg, Rammeln).
In the southern area above the Danube on the right bank is the world-famous, founded in 1072 Benedictine pen Göttweig. The winegrowing communities located here are Brunnkirchen and Thallern (Brunnfeld, Frauengrund, Herrentrost, Maring, Satzen, Schwerer Zapfen, Steinhagen), Eggendorf, Furth-Palt, Krustetten, Höbenbach, Hollenburg, Meidling, Oberfucha, Tiefenfucha, Paudorf and Steinaweg (Brunngraben, Eichbühel . Gottschelle, Hahn, Höhlgraben, Oberfeld, Point, Schrötten, Steinbühel, Obere und Untere Zistel, Wolfsberg).
In 2015, the vineyards covered a total of 2,369 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2009 with 2,243 hectares, this was an increase of 6%. The proportion of red wine varieties is 17.9% and the proportion of white wine varieties is 82.1%. It dominates with more than half of the Grüner Veltliner stock, followed by Zweigelt and Riesling.
| Grape variety - Austrian |
| officially permitted in Austria |
|colour|| hectare |
| % -Ant |
| hectare |
|Zweigelt||Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger||red||305||12.9||293|
|White Riesling||Riesling, Rheinriesling||White||249||10.5||230|
|Chardonnay||Morillon - not used in Lower Austria||White||45||1.9||41|
|muscatel||Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc||White||43||1.8||28|
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Klevner||White||42||1.7||43.5|
|Blue burgundy||Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir||red||22||0.9||22.5|
|According to sentence white||-||White||12.8||0.5||18.5|
|According to sentence red||-||red||5.3||0.2||2|
|Traminer||Gewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T.||White||5.2||0.2||4.3|
|Gray burgundy||Pinot gris, Ruländer||White||1.3||0.1||1.6|
|and. white varieties||-||White||3.2||0.1||1.9|
|and. red varieties||-||red||0.7||-||0.8|
From the 2007 vintage, the origin-controlled quality level Kremstal DAC was introduced. All other quality wines have to come from Lower Austria, the Vins under the wine-growing region designation wine country be marketed. In addition to the generally applicable DAC conditions special rules apply.
They are Quality wine-grape varietiesGreen Valtellina and Riesling authorized. The wines have to dry be expanded. From the 2016 vintage, a three-stage system was introduced to origin emphasize more. There are lower limits for the alcohol content, but no longer have any upper limits. The date for the application to obtain the State test number is staggered in time. If the decision is positive (usually within a week), marketing may take place:
The wines must have a characteristic taste typicality exhibit. For Grüner Veltliner : fruity, fine Spice, no botrytis, no noticeable wood tone ( toast flavor ) balanced, Not heavy on alcohol, For Riesling : gossamery. aromatic. elegant. mineral, no botrytis dominance, no wood tone, balanced, not alcohol-heavy. For reserve : strong style, distinctive area and variety aromatics, dense and long in leaving, a delicate botrytis and wood tone is permitted.
Well-known wineries are Aigner Wolfgang. Berger Erich. Bründlmayer Josef & Philipp. Buchegger Walter. Dockner Josef. Eder Martin. Edlinger Josef. Felsner Manfred. Foreman Meinhard. Geyerhof. Graf-Faltl. Hagen Anton. High Harald. Laurenz V.. Lenz Moser AG. Malat Michael. Mantlerhof. Nigl Martin. Moser Hermann. Moser Sepp. Müller Leopold and Stefan. Müller-Grossmann. Müllner Johann. Parzer Christian. Proidl Franz. Salomon Undhof. Schmid Josef. Stagard. Thiery-Weber. Türk Franz. Unger Petra. Vorspannhof Mayr. Waltz Martin. City of Krems winery. Weingut Stift Göttweig. Winemaker Krems. Linieis Wolfgang. Zöhrer Anton. Carpenter Alois, A well-known winegrowers' association is Traditional wineries Austria,