The French vine grower Eugène Kuhlmann (1858-1932) created numerous at the Oberlin Institute in Colmar-Alsace in the first third of the 20th century new varieties, For several years he was also a director at this institute. He consistently created French hybrids (European vines x American vines). The main goal of his breeding activity was very good resistance against fungal diseases and frost, For example, varieties bred by Kuhlmann are Etoile I (Kuhlmann 237-1), Etoile II (Kuhlmann 237-2), Grisette. Leon Millot (Kuhlmann 194-2), Lucie Kuhlmann (Kuhlmann 149-3), Maréchal Foch (Kuhlmann 188-2), Maréchal Joffre (Kuhlmann 187-1), Neron (Kuhlmann 296-1), Pinard (Kuhlmann 191-1) and Triomphe d'Alsace (Kuhlmann 319-1). Seven of them were Christian's Oberlin (1831-1915) created variety Goldriesling (1) Crossing partner. Due to their fungus resistance they are mainly related to ecological viticulture got interesting again. They are banned for quality wine production within the EU. Most are also called table grapes used.