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Kultural method

Designation for the type of control used from the last third of the 19th century phylloxera by injecting liquid carbon disulfide (carbon disulfide) into the soil by means of large syringes. The colorless, foul-smelling liquid is obtained by passing sulfur fumes over glowing charcoal. The method had already been successful in the cereal beetle and was tested against the phylloxera for the first time in Bordeaux by the Burgundian chemist Baron Paul Thénard (1819-1884) in 1869.

In the first attempts, the remedy was still used too excessively, so that not only the phylloxera but also all other living beings in the vineyard were killed. The remedy was not harmless and very flammable due to the toxic fumes. As a result, this procedure was then practiced throughout Europe. In Austria, the wine-growing engineer Franz made in this regard Kober (1864-1943) earned.

At the height of the phylloxera catastrophe or the successful control of this pest, there were two diametrical camps facing each other at the time - the ones based on the already well-known ones finishing and the others just on the chemistry. Ultimately, however, it was only moderately successful, as it was an extremely costly (it had to be 30,000 holes per hectare set) and expensive procedures. It was still used occasionally until the 1920s. The picture shows the painting "Reblausbekämpfung mit die Schwefelkohlenstoff-Injektor", which is today in the Klosterneuburger Weinbauinstitut hangs.

Picture: From oil painting by Hans Pühringer, 1904 - Weinstube Klosterneuburg , GFDL 1.2 , Link

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