The white grape variety is an interspecific new breed between Elmer Swenson 114 ( Minnesota 78 x rosette ) x Seyval Blanc, Synonyms are Elmer Swenson 294, ES 294 and Lacrosse. The name was given to the city of the same name in western Wisconsin. They are genes from Vitis labrusca. Vitis lincecumii. Vitis riparia. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. Incidentally, the same breed is also new breeding St. Pepin emerged. The crossing of the hybrid was done in 1971 by the American breeder Elmer Swenson (1913-2004) near Osceola, Wisconsin. The variety protection was granted in 1983.
The early ripening and down to minus 29 ° Celsius hardy Vine is particularly vulnerable to black rot and Botrytis, as well as against both mildews, It renders fruity White wines with diverse aromas of pears, apricots and citrus fruits, which are mainly used for blending. It is also called table grape and for the production of grape juice used. The variety is mainly found in the United States midwestern United States Illinois. Iowa. Minnesota Nebraska Nevada. Ohio. Pennsylvania, South Dakota and Wisconsin grown. In 2010, a total of 25 hectares of vineyards were reported in the United States (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY