Historic landscape in the center Spain, geographically known as Castilla-La Mancha (Castilla-La Mancha) and formerly as Castilla la Nueva. The region is just under 80,000 square kilometers to the north Castile and Leon (Old Castile) and the southern Andalusia the third largest in Spain. La Mancha and the region to the west Extremadura count to the huge plateau landscape Meseta, It became famous mainly through the writer Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616) and his novel "Don Quixote de la Mancha". In the huge plain with the typical windmills there are extreme climatic conditions with frosty winters below 20 ° C minus and very dry summers with often over 40 ° C (the Moorish name "Manxa = parched land" is very apt in Spanish it means "the stain").
On average, there are more than eight hours of sunshine every day, 365 days a year. The Rainfall is very low at an average of 300 to 400 mm a year. The soil is mostly reddish-brown sand and clay with smaller calcareous islands. The tillering density in the vineyards is very low (2.5 meters distance) and the crops are kept low so everyone can Rebstock gets enough water due to the dryness. The strange, checkered pattern of the vineyards is called Marco real. The vineyards of the vast area make 450,000 hectares of vineyards, about half of the total vineyards of Spain and are therefore clearly the far from largest winegrowing area of the world.
Although the La Mancha DO area, known as the region, only covers part of the vast area, it is by far the largest in Spain, at just under 200,000 hectares. There were and are always attempts to divide La Mancha into several sub-areas, but so far failed. Other independent DO areas in the region are Almansa. manchuela. Méntrida. Mondéjar. Ribera del Júcar. Uclés and Valdepeñas, There are also eight as Vino de Pago classified areas, that are Campo de la Guardia. Dehesa del Carrizal. Dominio de Valdepusa. Finca Élez. Pago Calzadilla. Pago Casa del Blanco. Pago Florentino and Pago Guijoso,
La Mancha extends below Madrid almost 200 kilometers deep in the south to the border of Andalusia. More than three quarters of the vineyard is with the white grape Airén planted. She was after the Phylloxera disaster massively used because of the hot and dry climate (which is why fungal diseases are almost unknown) is ideally suited. For the most part it will be simple white wines and base wines for distillates produced. From the mid-1980s, a shift towards quality wines began. When joining the EU in 1986, Spain had to commit to around one third of its vineyards clear or shut down. Other white wines are Pardilla ( Pardillo ), Viura ( Macabeo ) Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay, The most important red grape variety is Cencibel ( Tempranillo ), others are Garnacha Tinta. Moravia Agria. Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot and Syrah,