Historical landscape in the center Spain, geographically referred to as Castile-La Mancha (Castillo-La Mancha) and formerly as New Castile (Castilla la Nueva). The region is just under 80,000 square kilometers to the north Castile and Leon (Old Castile) and the southern one Andalusia the third largest in Spain. La Mancha and the region to the west of it Extremadura are part of the huge plateau landscape Meseta, She became particularly famous for the writer Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616) and his novel "Don Quixote de la Mancha". In the huge plain with the typical windmills, there are extreme climatic conditions with frosty winters below 20 ° C minus and hot, very dry summers with often over 40 ° C (the Moorish name "Manxa = dried land" is very appropriate, in Spanish it means "the stain").
On average, there is more than eight hours of sunshine every day, 365 days a year. The Rainfall is very low with an average of 300 to 400 mm per year. The floor consists largely of red-brown sand and clay with smaller limestone islands. The planting density in the vineyards is very low (2.5 meters away) and the crops are kept low, so everyone Rebstock gets enough water due to the drought. The peculiar, checkerboard pattern of the vineyards is called Marco Real. The vineyards of the huge area with 450,000 hectares of vineyards make up about half of the total vineyard area of Spain and are therefore clearly the far largest wine growing area of the world.
The DO area called La Mancha, like the region, covers only part of the huge area, but is still by far the largest of Spain with almost 200,000 hectares. There have always been attempts to divide La Mancha into several sub-areas, which have so far failed. Other independent DO areas in the region are Almansa. manchuela. Méntrida. Mondéjar. Ribera del Jucar. Uclés and Valdepeñas, There are also eight as Vino de Pago classified areas that are Campo de la Guardia. Dehesa del Carrizal. Dominio de Valdepusa. Finca Élez. Pago Calzadilla. Pago Casa del Blanco. Pago Florentino and Pago Guijoso,
La Mancha extends almost 200 kilometers south of Madrid to the border with Andalusia. More than three quarters of the vineyard area is made with the white grape variety Airén planted. It was after the Phylloxera disaster massively used because they are for the hot and dry climate (which is why fungal diseases are almost unknown) is ideally suited. For the most part, it turns into simple white wines and base wines for distillates produced. From the mid-1980s, there was a shift towards quality wines. When the EU joined in 1986, Spain had to commit to around a third of the vineyards clear or shut down. Other types of white wine are pardilla ( Pardillo ), Viura ( Macabeo ) Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay, The main red wine variety is Cencibel ( Tempranillo ), more are Garnacha Tinta. Moravia Agria. Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot and Syrah,