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La Morra

Largest mark in the DOCG area Barolo; look there.

DOCG area for dry red wine in the Italian region Piedmont, which after the same name 15 kilometers south of Alba located community is named. It was classified as DOC in 1966 and DOCG in 1980. The area encompasses around 1,300 hectares of vineyards (divided into as many plots are divided) in the Langhe Mountains with the municipalities (or only parts of them) Barolo, Castiglione Falletto, Cherasco, Grinziano, La Morra (with a third of the area by far the largest area), Monforte d'Alba, Novello Rossi, Serralunga d'Alba and Verduno. It is mainly south facing on steep slopes. The historic core areas of Barolo, Castiglione Falletto, La Morra, Monforte and Serralunga account for more than 80 percent of production.

Barolo - castle and map

The wine was not aged dry until the mid-19th century. Due to the late ripening Nebbiolo and therefore only in the cold season until December fermentation were inadequate yeasts available. This left a relatively high residual sweetness in the wine. The French oenologist Louis Oudart was called in to assist by Giulietta Falletti (Marquesa von Barolo). This relocated the fermentation process to newly created underground wine cellars, ensured constant temperatures and improved cellar hygiene. King Victor Emmanuel II (1820-1878) even provided his Fontanafredda hunting lodge in the Serralunga d'Alba mountains (province of Cuneo) and his son Emanuele Alberto (1851-1894) for the cellar trials. Oudart developed the...

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