French name for a carboy Of glass or earthenware of different sizes (2 to 50 liters and more) for the storage or transport of wine, which is mostly entwined with pasture or straw. There are at least two interpretations for the name. According to one version, he derives from the famous for her glass works Persian city Damaghan. The second version, usually referred to in various sources, refers to an anecdote with Queen Joan I of Naples and the Countess of Provence (1326-1382). This was expelled in 1347 with her husband from Italy and fled to the Provence, There she found shelter during a storm in the workshop of a glassblower near Grasse. She became interested in making bottles and made special types of about 10 liters in volume.
Such vessels / bottles are used in many countries. The verballhornten names are among other things demijohn, Demijon, Demi John, Demingnon or Lady Jane (England, Portugal and Spain related to sherry and port wine ) Damajuana (Argentina) and Damigiana (Italy). In Lower Saxony Demijon is still used in the Low German dialect for large demijohns, which are mostly for the storage and transport of spirits and rum serve. However, Dame-Jeanne is also a name for a bottle oversize with the volume of four liters (more than five standard bottles). See also below bottles and wine vessels,