French term for a carboy made of glass or earthenware of different sizes (2 to 50 liters and more) for the storage or transport of wine, which is usually braided with willow or straw. There are at least two interpretations for the name. According to one version, it is derived from the Persian city of Damaghan, famous for its glass work. The second version, which is mostly mentioned in various sources, refers to an anecdote with Queen Johanna I of Naples and Countess of Provence (1326-1382). This was expelled from Italy with her husband in 1347 and fled to the Provence, There she found shelter during a storm in the workshop of a glassblower in the municipality of Grasse. She began to be interested in the production of bottles and had special types with a volume of around 10 liters made.
Such vessels / bottles are used in many countries. The bullhorned names are among others demijohn, Demijon, Demi John, Demingnon or Lady Jane (England, Portugal and Spain related sherry and port wine ) Damajuana (Argentina) and Damigiana (Italy). In Lower Saxony, Demijon is still used in the Low German dialect for large wicker bottles, mostly for the storage and transportation of spirits and rum serve. However, Dame-Jeanne is also a name for an oversize bottle with the volume of four liters (more than five normal bottles). See also under bottles and wine vessels,