The red grape variety comes from Trentino-Alto Adige ( Italy ). The name is probably derived from the Valle Lagarina in Trentino. Synonyms are Blauer Lagrein, Burgundi Lagrein, Lagrain, Lagrino, Lagroin and Landschwarze. A "Red Lagrein" (wine) is called by the Tyrolean farmer's guide Michael Gaismair (1490-1532) around 1525. However, the earliest mention of a Lagrein variety in a document from Gries near Bozen from 1318 refers to a white wine. Until the 18th century, "Lagreiner" was mostly used to mean a white wine. However, its identity is not clear, because it could be Savagnin Blanc ( Traminer ) or to Lagarino Bianco have acted.
There are two versions of parenting (presumably by natural crossing), both of which are based on DNA analysis based. The Swiss biologist Dr. José Vouillamoz found Teroldego x unknown partner (2006), the French ampelographer Thierry Lacombe on the other hand Schiava Gentile x Teroldego (2013). It cannot be ruled out that these analyzes involved two different varieties. The guessed Parent-offspring relationship between Lagrein and Lagarino Bianco turned out to be wrong.
The vine produces vivid, full-bodied red wines with aromas of berries and plums, but relatively few tannins exhibit. It is mainly grown in the Trentino-South Tyrol region, where it is often grown with the variety Schiava Grossa is blended. Lagrein is the main variety in DOC wine South Tyrol used in the Lagrein Rosato and Lagrein Kretzer rosé wine and in the Lagrein Scuro and Lagrein Dunkel red wine, as well as a blending partner in other DOC wines from the region. The variety occupies in Italy 654 hectares with increasing tendency. There are further stocks in Brazil (0.5 ha), Romania (0.5 ha) and California (64 ha). In Germany there is a trial extension on the Moselle. In 2010 a total of 718 hectares of vineyards were reported.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)