The white grape comes from Spain, Synonyms include Laeren del Rey, Layren, Layrenes, Malvar, Mantuo Laéren, Mantuo Leyrenes and Temprana Agosteña. The very old Andalusian vine was already made by the Spanish agronomist Gabriel Alonso de Herrera (1470-1539) in 1513 under the name Layrenes in his description of the varieties of Andalusia. Extremadura and Castile mentioned. Especially in Castile-La Mancha become Airén and Lairén often confused or considered identical. Last in 2010 DNA analysis but are two genetically different varieties. Between Legiruela (identical to Valaisian variety Prié ) and Lairén there is one Parent-offspring relationship,
The medium to late-ripening, high-yielding vine is extremely resistant to drought, generally resistant to many diseases, but sensitive to spring frost. It yields greenish, alcoholic and acidic white wines with delicate aromas bitter almonds, which are mostly used as a blend with Airén. Previously, it was difficult to make due to the confusion with the much more common occurring in Andalusia Airén more precise information on cultivation areas and amounts of cultivars of the variety. In 2010, under the name Lairén 214 hectares of vineyards were reported, more than half in the province of Guadalajara in the area Vinos de Madrid (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012