The white grape variety comes from Spain, Synonyms are Laeren del Rey, Layren, Layrenes, Malvar, Mantuo Laéren, Mantuo Leyrenes and Temprana Agosteña. The very old Andalusian vine was already used by the Spanish agronomist Gabriel Alonso de Herrera (1470-1539) in 1513 under the name Layrenes in his description of the varieties of Andalusia. Extremadura and Castile mentioned. Especially in Castile-La Mancha become Airén and Lairén often confused or regarded as identical. According to last done in 2010 DNA analysis but there are two genetically different varieties. Between Legiruela (identical to the Valais variety Prié ) and Lairén there is one Parent-offspring relationship,
The medium to late ripening, productive vine is extremely resistant to drought, generally resistant to many diseases, but sensitive to spring frost. It produces greenish, alcohol-rich and acid-stressed white wines with delicate aromas bitter almonds, which are mostly used as a blend with Airén. In the past, it was difficult to make more precise information about the cultivation areas and quantities of the variety due to the confusion with the Airén, which is much more common in Andalusia. In 2010, 214 hectares of vineyards were designated under the name Lairén, more than half in the Guadalajara province in the area Vinos de Madrid (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012