The French horticultural expert Léopold Laliman (1817-1897), in connection with the phylloxera disaster in France in 1869, was said to be the first to claim that numerous American vines against the phylloxera be immune. He was a pioneer of the finishing, However, when he later demanded the 300,000 francs, which was suspended as a price for a problem solution, from the commission for combating phylloxera, which was appointed by the Ministry of Agriculture, he was rejected. Laliman and the botanist Maxime Cornu (1843-1904) gave Louis to the chemist (and later phylloxera commissioner) Pasteur (1822-1895) Wines from the American hybrids Clinton. Cunningham. Delaware. Herbemont. Isabella and Jacquez (by the way, with the synonym Long Laliman) for analysis and tasting. At that time, among many others, there was also the idea of solving the phylloxera problem by partially using American vines for wine production. Pasteur passed on the knowledge of this to the then head of the commission, Jean-Baptiste Dumas (1800-1884). Only the wine from the Clinton allegedly showed no intrusive or unpleasant Foxton on.