Name for the famous hilly landscape north and south of the city of Alba (Cuneo province) in the northwestern Italian region Piedmont, romantically known as the "heart of Piedmont". It lies between the upper Po Valley near Turin and the Ligurian Alps and extends over the two provinces of Cuneo and Asti, The area is bounded by the two rivers Tanaro and Bormida. The Langhe divides into the three areas Bassa Langa (lower Langa) with mainly viticulture, Alta Langa (upper Langa) with hazelnut cultivation and the area famous for its truffle cultivation Langa Astigiana.
The gentle hills rise up to 600 meters above sea level and consist mainly of clay and marl soils. In this area are among other things the well-known DOC / DOCG ranges Alta Langa. Barbaresco. Barbera d'Alba. Barolo. Dolcetto d'Alba. Dolcetto di Diano d'Alba. Dogliani. Nebbiolo d'Alba and Roero, Some of these wines can also be marketed under the lower-quality DOC name Langhe. The very large DOC area Langhe for red wines, rosé wines and white wines covers almost 1,400 hectares of vineyards in a total of 94 municipalities in the province of Cuneo; for the wine type Arneis however only in 31 municipalities.
The Bianco is blended from approved, non-aromatic varieties in any mixture. The sweet Bianco Passito is out Arneis or Chardonnay or Nascetta or Riesling (about 60%) pressed. The Rosso is made from approved, non-aromatic varieties in any mixture. The sweet- tasting Rosso Passito is out Barbera or Dolcetto or Nebbiolo (to 85%) produced. The Rosato is produced from the varieties Barbera or Dolcetto or Nebbiolo (each to 60%).
The varietal wines must contain at least 85% of the respective variety, as well as a maximum of 15% other permitted. These are Arneis - as well Passito, Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Dolcetto, Favorita ( Vermentino ) Freisa as Novello, Nascetta, Riesling, Rossese Bianco and sauvignon ( Sauvignon Blanc ). A sparkling Frizzante give it out Merlot, Nebbilo and Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ).