Term for the famous hilly landscape north and south of the city of Alba (province of Cuneo) in the northwest Italian region Piedmont, which is also romanticized as the "heart of Piedmont". It lies between the upper Po Valley near Turin and the Ligurian Alps and extends over the two provinces of Cuneo and Asti, The area is bordered by the two rivers Tanaro and Bormida. The Langhe is divided into the three areas Bassa Langa (lower Langa) with mainly viticulture, Alta Langa (upper Langa) with hazelnut cultivation and the Langa Astigiana region, which is famous for its truffle cultivation.
The gentle ridges rise up to 600 meters above sea level and consist mainly of clay and marl soils. The well-known DOC / DOCG areas are located in this area Alta Langa. Barbaresco. Barbera d'Alba. Barolo. Dolcetto d'Alba. Dolcetto di Diano d'Alba. Dogliani. Nebbiolo d'Alba and Roero, Some of these wines can also be marketed under the lower-quality DOC name Langhe. The very large DOC area Langhe for red wines, rosé wines and white wines covers almost 1,400 hectares of vineyards in a total of 94 municipalities in the province of Cuneo; for the Arneis wine type, however, only in 31 municipalities.
The Bianco is blended from approved, non-aromatic varieties in any mixture. The sweetly developed Bianco Passito is made Arneis or Chardonnay or Nascetta or Riesling (60%). The Rosso is made from approved, non-aromatic varieties in any mixture. The sweetly developed Rosso Passito is made Barbera or Dolcetto or Nebbiolo (85%). The rosato is made from the varieties Barbera or Dolcetto or Nebbiolo (each up to 60%).
The varietal wines must contain at least 85% of the respective variety and a maximum of 15% other approved ones. These are Arneis - also as Passito Barbera Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Dolcetto, Favorita ( Vermentino ) Freisa as Novello, Nascetta, Nebbiolo, Riesling, Rossese Bianco and Sauvignon ( Sauvignon Blanc ). A sparkling Frizzante there is Merlot, Nebbiolo and Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ).