The winegrowing region is the northern part of the area Languedoc-Roussillon in the deep south France on the Mediterranean coast. It encompasses the three departments from north to southwest Gard. Hérault and Aude, The much smaller one Roussillon in the department Pyrenees-Orientales closes to the west, the two wine-growing regions Provence and Rhone east to. The name is derived from "langue d'oc", which means "language of the Oc" (oc = yes). This Occitan language became south of the Middle Ages Loire spoken; north one spoke "Langue d'oil" (from "oil" developed "oui"). The two regions Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées were combined in 2016 to form the new political region of Occitania (French: Occitanie).
Long before the much more famous champagne a sparkling sparkling wine was produced here, today's Blanquette de Limoux, A special form of an alcoholic, sweet Vin de liqueur in the Languedoc is the Cartagène, Up until the 1980s, the Languedoc had a reputation for being especially cheap mass wine producing wine-growing region. From the early 1990s there were EU-funded ones clearing programs, This led to an extremely strong reduction in the area under vines within ten years.
The vineyards cover a total of over 200,000 hectares of vineyards. They extend over 200 kilometers along mostly near the coastline of the Mediterranean Sea of Nimes with the wine law to the region Rhone counting appellation Costieres de Nimes in the east to Narbonne with Limoux and Corbières in the West. Most of it is on low-lying alluvial soils, and there were also the most clearings here. The vineyards, a few hundred meters high, in the foothills of the Pyrenees in the west lie on slate and limestone slopes. As in the much smaller area of Roussillon, there is a Mediterranean climate with dry and hot summers. The division of the vineyards into hectares according to quality levels:
The main red wines are Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ), Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ) and Syrah; the red secondary varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) Cinsault. Counoise, Llladon Pelut ( Garnacha Peluda ), Morrastel ( Graciano ) Piquepoul Noir and Terret Noir, The main types of white wine are Bourboulenc. Clairette and Grenache Blanc ( Garnacha Blanca ); the white secondary varieties are Carignan Blanc. Chardonnay, Grenache Gris ( Garnacha Roja ) Macabeo. Marsanne. Piquepoul Blanc, Role ( Vermentino ) Roussanne. Terret Blanc. Viognier and Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ). The method is for red wines Maceration carbonique (Carbonation mash) usual. The Languedoc is the main French supplier for simple wine and produces 80% of the IGP wines (Vins). The fame of such wines established, among other things Mas de Daumas-Gassac,
The association CIVL (Comité Interprofessionnel des Vins du Languedoc) has drawn up a new classification for the wines of the region, which came into force in 2011. The pyramid-shaped hierarchy in ascending order is Languedoc , Grands Vins du Languedoc and Crus du Languedoc . The basis for the classification are qualitative and economic criteria (among other things, certain distribution channels and minimum sales prices are prescribed). A wine must meet certain characteristics and go through an admission process above the simple AOC Languedoc in order to be classified in the corresponding higher category 2 or 3. The small appellations are said to be in their terroir emphasis be strengthened.
The first stage AOC Languedoc was created in 2007 and replaced the former AOC Coteaux du Languedoc (the old name could still be used until 2017). Confusingly, the new AOC covers most of the Languedoc-Roussillon dual region. In concrete terms, there are 195 municipalities in the department Aude, 19 municipalities in the Dep. Gard, 160 municipalities in the Dep. Hérault and 122 parishes in the Dep. Pyrenees-Orientales,
The vineyards cover around 10,000 hectares of vineyards, of which about 20% of the area's wine production comes from. Red and rosé wines are blended from Grenache Noir, Mourvèdre and Syrah (to 50%), as well as Llladoner Pelut, Carignan Noir, Cinsaut, Counoise, Grenache Gris, Terret Noir and Piquepoul Noir (max. 50%). White wines are made from Bourboulenc, Clairette, Grenache Blanc, Piquepoul Blanc, Roussanne, Marsanne and Rolle (70%), as well as Carignan Blanc, Macabéo, Terret Blanc, Viognier and Ugni Blanc (max. 30%). Permissible maximum yields are 50 hl / ha for red and rosé and 60 hl / ha for white wines.
The second stage, the Grand Vins du Languedoc, accounts for around 70% of wine production. These include (apart from AOC Languedoc, of course) most of the appellations listed below. These are structured, aromatic Crops that are typical of their terroir. The regulations regarding grape variety blends are individual and listed there. The maximum permitted yield is 48 to 50 hl / ha.
At the top of the pyramid are the Crus du Languedoc with about 10% of the wine production. These wines, which are as expressive as possible, have “rarity value and bear the signature of the producer”. White wines have to be aged at least six months, red wines at least twelve months. A sensory Testing is mandatory. At least 70% of the production must be sold directly from the winery. Maximum yields are 45 hl / ha for red wines and 50 hl / ha for white wines.
The AOC areas or appellations (quality wines) and IGP areas (Country wines) of the Languedoc region are:
The best-known producers in the region include, among others Domaine L'Aigueliere, Mas d'Andrum, Domaine d'Aupilhac, Domaine Bassac, Château Belot, Domaine Bourdic, Mas Bruguière, CV de Cabrières, Domaine le Cazal, Domaine de Cazeneuve, Domaine de la Coste, Château de l'Engarran, Mas de Daumas-Gassac, Mas d'Espanet, Château de Flaugergues, Domaine de la Grangette, Domaine Guiraud-Boyer, Domaine de Laballe, Château de Lascaux, Château Notre Dame, Domaine Peyre Rose, Château Peyriac de Mer, Château Puech-Haut, Domaine Pujol, Domaine du Rocher des Fées, Château de Roquenégade, Domaine de la Roque, Domaine de Sainte Rose, CV de St-Saturnin, Les Trois Blasons, Domaine du Temple and Maison Maurel Vedeau.