This French region includes the départements on the Mediterranean coast Aude. Gard. Hérault and Lozère (Languedoc), as well Pyrenees-Orientales (Roussillon). It is also the common name for the two winegrowing regions Languedoc and Roussillon, On 1 January 2016, the region was merged with the neighboring region Midi-Pyrénées to the political region of Occitania (French Occitanie with the subtitle Pyrénées-Méditerranée). The area extends for a length of 230 kilometers semi-circular from Nimes in the east to the edge of the Pyrenees on the Spanish border. Supposedly here have the Celts (Gallier) viticulture operated, even before the Greeks emerged in the 8th century. This is not guaranteed. As evidence, the Romans already set 125 BC. Vineyards in the area of today's appellations Corbières and Minervois on.
In the year 121 BC After the final victory of the Romans against the Celts the provincial province was founded Provence ). The capital was Narbo Martius, today's Narbonne. Finally received 27 v. Chr. The province renamed Gallia Narbonensis. From the port of Narbo (Narbonne), the wine was transported over land to the Garonne transported and then back on the river to the legionnaires to Aquitaine in Southwest France brought. Wine was also exported to Rome. The author Pliny the younger (61-113) mentioned in a letter the sweet "bee wine" from the Muscat grape; so to speak, a forerunner of Vin doux naturel,
By the Edict of Kaiser Domitian (51-96) In 92 AD, viticulture declined. This ban on the new planting of vines was 280 years later by the emperor Probus (232-282) canceled again. When the Saracens invaded here in the 7th century, viticulture stunted, but was revived in the 9th century by the Roman Catholic monastic orders. In the 13th century was by the famous doctor Arnaldus de Villanova (1240-1311) sweet, so to speak Vin doux naturel invented. He taught at the University of Montpellier, In the 16th and 17th centuries, the production of spirits spread.
In the 18th century new vineyards developed in the lowlands due to extensive new crops. Mid-1980s, the largest volume was reached with about 400,000 hectares of vineyards. By clearings Especially in the low-lying growing areas due to the generally lower quality of wine there are now "only" more about 224,000 hectares in Languedoc-Roussillon and 257,000 hectares in the new region of Occitania. Of these, the AOC areas make up nearly 70,000 hectares of vineyards. Statistically speaking, every fourth French vine stands in this large area. With this scope he is so too largest winegrowing area in the world, The areas Languedoc and Roussillon be together with the Provence also often as Midi designated. The entire double region as well as parts of the Rhône region includes the huge IGP area Pays d'Oc,