This French region comprises the departments located on the Mediterranean coast Aude. Gard. Hérault and Lozère (Languedoc), as well Pyrenees-Orientales (Roussillon). It is also the common name for the two winegrowing regions Languedoc and Roussillon, On January 1, 2016, the region was merged with the neighboring region Midi-Pyrénées to form the political region of Occitania (French: Occitanie with the subtitle Pyrénées-Méditerranée). The area stretches 230 kilometers in a semicircle from Nimes in the east to the edge of the Pyrenees on the Spanish border. Apparently they already have here Celts (Gauls) wine-growing even before the Greeks appeared in the 8th century. However, this is not guaranteed. Evidence shows that the Romans laid BC Vineyards in the area of today's appellations Corbières and Minervois on.
In 121 BC The province of Provinza was founded after the final victory of the Romans against the Celts ( Provence ). The capital became Narbo Martius, today's Narbonne. Finally, 27 BC The province was renamed Gallia Narbonensis. From the port of Narbo (Narbonne) the wine was transported overland to the Garonne transported and then again on the river path to the legionaries in Aquitaine in Southwest France brought. Wine was also exported to Rome. The author Pliny the younger (61-113) mentioned in a letter the sweet "bee wine" from the muscat grape; a forerunner of the Vin doux naturel,
By the Edict of Kaiser Domitian (51-96) in 92 AD the viticulture experienced a decline. This ban on the replanting of vines was made 280 years later by the emperor Probus (232-282) canceled again. When the Saracens invaded here from the 7th century onwards, viticulture withered away, but was revived in the 9th century by the Roman Catholic monastic orders. In the 13th century it was made by the famous doctor Arnaldus de Villanova (1240-1311) the sweet, so to speak Vin doux naturel invented. This taught at the University of Montpellier, The production of brandy expanded in the 16th and 17th centuries.
In the 18th century, extensive new plantings created new wine-growing areas in the lowlands. In the mid-1980s, the largest extent was reached with around 400,000 hectares of vineyards. By clearings Especially in the low-lying cultivation areas due to the generally lower wine quality here, there are “only” around 224,000 hectares in Languedoc-Roussillon and 257,000 hectares in the new Occitania region. The AOC areas account for almost 70,000 hectares of vineyards. Statistically speaking, every fourth French vine is in this large area. With this scope, it is also that largest wine region in the world, The areas Languedoc and Roussillon are together with the Provence also often as Midi designated. The entire double region as well as parts of the Rhône region encompasses the huge IGP area Pays d'Oc,