Saint Lawrence of Rome is the most famous bearer of the name Laurentius. He was born in Spain and died martyred in 258. He was one of the seven deacons in the city of Rome, responsible for the finance and social work of the Church of Rome. As the Roman bishop Sixtus II. arrested and beheaded under the persecution of Christians by Emperor Valerian (200-260), his deacon Laurentius was traditionally desperate that he was not considered worthy of sharing this death. Sixtus comforted him with the promise that he would follow him in three days and gave him the task of distributing the church treasure to the suffering and the poor. Emperor Valerian claimed these treasures. He asked for three days' consideration and distributed the goods during this period. The angry Valerian had Laurentius tortured and finally ordered him to slowly torture him to death over fire on a grate. Even in this terrible agony, he kept his humor and teased the hangman to turn him over on the fire, because the roast was already done on one side.
Laurentius is one of the most revered saints in the church and almost received the meaning of Peter and Paul, The church of S. Lorenzo fuori le mura was built above his grave in 330 by Emperor Constantine (285-337), and a further 30 churches in Rome are named after him. The name (also Laurenz) means "the laurel-adorned", his feast day is the day of death August 10th. At this time the grapes start to ripen. The winegrower offer him their first grapes on this day. The variety is also after him St. Laurent named. The "Laurentius tears" are falling stars in the August nights. He is the patron saint of Spain, Rome, Nuremberg, Duderstadt, Merseburg, Havelberg, Wuppertal and Kulm, as well as the cooks, brewer, Innkeepers and the vineyards.
It is for the prosperity of the grapes responsible. Calendar sayings are: 1) St. Lorenz comes with a hot breath - it fills the barrel and belly of the winemaker. 2) On Laurenzi, it is custom that the wood stops growing. 3) If grapes and fruit are to multiply, the thunderstorms must stop with Lorenz . Also the red grape from Alsace St. Laurent is named after the saint. See also under Bauernregeln and wine Saints,